The influence of age and sex on speed–strength performance in children between 10 and 14 years of age

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  • Konstantin Warneke
  • Carl Maximilian Wagner
  • Andreas Konrad
  • Björn Kadlubowski
  • Andre Sander
  • Klaus Wirth
  • Michael Keiner

Introduction: Speed-strength performance is important during human movements such as jumping, sprinting, and change of direction (COD) tasks, which are a substantial part of sports practice. Sex and age seem to influence performance output in young persons; however, few studies have focused on the influence of sex and age measured via standard protocols of performance diagnostics. Method: Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the influence of age and sex on linear sprint (LS), COD sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ) height, squat-jump (SJ) height, and drop-jump (DJ) height performance in untrained children and adolescents via a cross-sectional analysis. This study comprised 141 untrained male and female participants 10–14 years of age. Results: The results showed the influence of age in male participants on speed-strength performance, while in female participants, age did not significantly influence performance parameters. Moderate to high correlations between sprint and jump performance (r = 0.69–0.72), sprint and COD sprint performance (r = 0.58–0.72), and jump and COD sprint performance (r = 0.56–0.58) were found. Discussion: Based on the data from this study, it appears that the growth phase of age 10–14 does not necessarily lead to improvements in athletic performance. To ensure holistic motor development, female subjects in particular should be provided with specific training interventions with a focus on strength and power.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1092874
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 21.02.2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by a grant (Project P32078-B) from the Austrian Science Fund FWF.
Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2023 Warneke, Wagner, Konrad, Kadlubowski, Sander, Wirth and Keiner.