Quality content teaching for multilingual students: An international examination of excellence in instructional practices in four countries

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review


  • Kara Mitchell Viesca
  • Annela Teemant
  • Jenni Alisaari
  • Johanna Ennser-Kananen
  • Naomi Flynn
  • Svenja Hammer
  • Ratha Perumal
  • Sara Routarinne

Observations of Pedagogical Excellence of Teaching Across Nations (OPETAN) is a mixed methods observation study of 31 content teachers, most nominated for their excellence in teaching multilingual students in Germany, Finland, the US, and England. The study relied on an observation rubric that operationalizes seven Enduring Principles of Learning grounded in critical sociocultural theory and pedagogy. Findings revealed excellent teachers emphasize complex thinking, language use, and modeling. Teacher use of small groups, contextualization, and equity-focused practices were areas of potential growth. International research holds promise for understanding and improving K-12 content teaching and teacher education for teachers of multilingual learners.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103649
JournalTeaching and Teacher Education
Publication statusPublished - 01.05.2022

    Research areas

  • Critical theory, Multilingual education, Observation research, Sociocultural theory, Teacher practice
  • Educational science