Informal and formal lesson planning in school internships: Practices among pre-service teachers

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Lesson planning is a core task for teachers, and pre-service teachers (PSTs) can learn how to plan lessons during internships. In this study, n = 200 PSTs were asked about their planning competency, and n = 121 lesson-planning documents written by PSTs were analyzed. The results demonstrate that PSTs considered their planning competency to be high and that this competency continued to increase during the internship. In addition, planning documents differed depending on whether they were used in an informal planning context or a formal situation such as an inspection. The perceived usefulness of lesson planning decreased over time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104249
JournalTeaching and Teacher Education
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 01.10.2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This project is part of the “Qualitätsoffensive Lehrerbildung” ( FKZ 01JA1903 ), a joint initiative of the Federal and Länder Governments, which aims to improve the quality of teacher training. The program is funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research . The authors are responsible for the content of this publication.

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