Is it just conservation? A typology of Indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ roles in conserving biodiversity

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenÜbersichtsarbeitenForschung


  • Neil M. Dawson
  • Brendan Coolsaet
  • Aditi Bhardwaj
  • Francesca Booker
  • David Brown
  • Bosco Lliso
  • Jacqueline Loos
  • Adrian Martin
  • Malena Oliva
  • Unai Pascual
  • Pasang Sherpa
  • Thomas Worsdell

As conservation initiatives expand in response to biodiversity loss, there remains limited understanding about what forms of governance and roles for different actors produce the best ecological outcomes. Indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ (IPs’ and LCs’) roles extend beyond participation to more equitable governance based on relative control and recognition of their values and institutions, but the relationship with conservation outcomes remains unclear. We review 648 empirical studies to develop a typology of IP and LC roles in governance and, for a subsample of 170, analyze relationships with reported ecological outcomes. The findings reveal that more equitable governance, based on equal partnership or primary control for IPs and LCs, are associated with significantly more positive ecological outcomes. This carries important implications, including for actions toward the Global Biodiversity Framework targets, suggesting a need to elevate the role of IPs and LCs to conservation leaders while respecting their rights and customary institutions.

ZeitschriftOne Earth
Anzahl der Seiten15
PublikationsstatusElektronische Veröffentlichung vor Drucklegung - 11.05.2024

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the Centre for the Synthesis and Analysis of Biodiversity (CESAB) of the French Foundation for Research on Biodiversity (FRB) under the JustConservation project. J.L. acknowledges funding by the Robert Bosch Foundation for the project \u201CWildlife, Values, Justice.\u201D U.P. acknowledges BC3\u2019s Maria de Maeztu excellence accreditation 2023\u20132026 (Ref. CEX2021-001201- M) provided by MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033. Conceptualization, N.M.D. B.C. J.L. A.M. U.P. and P.S.; methodology, N.M.D. B.C. J.L. A.M. U.P. and P.S.; investigation, all authors; writing \u2013 original draft, N.M.D; Writing \u2013 review and editing, all authors; funding acquisition, B.C. and N.M.D.; formal analysis, J.L. and B.L.; visualization, B.L. and N.D. The authors declare no competing interests.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s)