How generative drawing affects the learning process: An eye-tracking analysis

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


  • Johannes Hellenbrand
  • Richard E. Mayer
  • Maria Opfermann
  • Annett Schmeck
  • Detlev Leutner

Generative drawing is a learning strategy in which students draw illustrations while reading a text to depict the content of the lesson. In two experiments, students were asked to generate drawings as they read a scientific text or read the same text on influenza with author-provided illustrations (Experiment 1) or to generate drawings or write verbal summaries as they read (Experiment 2). An examination of students' eye movements during learning showed that students who engaged in generative drawing displayed more rereadings of words, higher proportion of fixations on the important words, higher rate of transitions between words and workspace, and higher proportion of transitions between important words and workspace than students given a text lesson with author-generated illustrations (Experiment 1) or students who were asked to write a summary (Experiment 2). These findings contribute new evidence to guide theories for explaining how generative drawing affects learning processes.

ZeitschriftApplied Cognitive Psychology
Seiten (von - bis)1147-1164
Anzahl der Seiten18
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.11.2019
Extern publiziertJa