Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems: when is it needed, where can it be found and how can it be strengthened?

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems : when is it needed, where can it be found and how can it be strengthened? / Bammer, Gabriele; O’Rourke, Michael; O’Connell, Deborah et al.

in: Palgrave Communications, Jahrgang 6, Nr. 1, 5, 13.01.2020.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Harvard

Bammer, G, O’Rourke, M, O’Connell, D, Neuhauser, L, Midgley, G, Klein, JT, Grigg, NJ, Gadlin, H, Elsum, IR, Bursztyn, M, Fulton, EA, Pohl, C, Smithson, M, Vilsmaier, U, Bergmann, M, Jaeger, J, Merkx, F, Vienni Baptista, B, Burgman, MA, Walker, DH, Young, J, Bradbury, H, Crawford, L, Haryanto, B, Pachanee, CA, Polk, M & Richardson, GP 2020, 'Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems: when is it needed, where can it be found and how can it be strengthened?', Palgrave Communications, Jg. 6, Nr. 1, 5. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-019-0380-0

APA

Bammer, G., O’Rourke, M., O’Connell, D., Neuhauser, L., Midgley, G., Klein, J. T., Grigg, N. J., Gadlin, H., Elsum, I. R., Bursztyn, M., Fulton, E. A., Pohl, C., Smithson, M., Vilsmaier, U., Bergmann, M., Jaeger, J., Merkx, F., Vienni Baptista, B., Burgman, M. A., ... Richardson, G. P. (2020). Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems: when is it needed, where can it be found and how can it be strengthened? Palgrave Communications, 6(1), [5]. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-019-0380-0

Vancouver

Bammer G, O’Rourke M, O’Connell D, Neuhauser L, Midgley G, Klein JT et al. Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems: when is it needed, where can it be found and how can it be strengthened? Palgrave Communications. 2020 Jan 13;6(1):5. doi: 10.1057/s41599-019-0380-0

Bibtex

@article{5b16df832df642fba3d5173748523f04,
title = "Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems: when is it needed, where can it be found and how can it be strengthened?",
abstract = "Expertise in research integration and implementation is an essential but often overlooked component of tackling complex societal and environmental problems. We focus on expertise relevant to any complex problem, especially contributory expertise, divided into {\textquoteleft}knowing-that{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}knowing-how.{\textquoteright} We also deal with interactional expertise and the fact that much expertise is tacit. We explore three questions. First, in examining {\textquoteleft}when is expertise in research integration and implementation required?,{\textquoteright} we review tasks essential (a) to developing more comprehensive understandings of complex problems, plus possible ways to address them, and (b) for supporting implementation of those understandings into government policy, community practice, business and social innovation, or other initiatives. Second, in considering {\textquoteleft}where can expertise in research integration and implementation currently be found?,{\textquoteright} we describe three realms: (a) specific approaches, including interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, systems thinking and sustainability science; (b) case-based experience that is independent of these specific approaches; and (c) research examining elements of integration and implementation, specifically considering unknowns and fostering innovation. We highlight examples of expertise in each realm and demonstrate how fragmentation currently precludes clear identification of research integration and implementation expertise. Third, in exploring {\textquoteleft}what is required to strengthen expertise in research integration and implementation?,{\textquoteright} we propose building a knowledge bank. We delve into three key challenges: compiling existing expertise, indexing and organising the expertise to make it widely accessible, and understanding and overcoming the core reasons for the existing fragmentation. A growing knowledge bank of expertise in research integration and implementation on the one hand, and accumulating success in addressing complex societal and environmental problems on the other, will form a virtuous cycle so that each strengthens the other. Building a coalition of researchers and institutions will ensure this expertise and its application are valued and sustained.",
keywords = "Transdisciplinary studies",
author = "Gabriele Bammer and Michael O{\textquoteright}Rourke and Deborah O{\textquoteright}Connell and Linda Neuhauser and Gerald Midgley and Klein, {Julie Thompson} and Grigg, {Nicola J.} and Howard Gadlin and Elsum, {Ian R.} and Marcel Bursztyn and Fulton, {Elizabeth A.} and Christian Pohl and Michael Smithson and Ulli Vilsmaier and Matthias Bergmann and Jill Jaeger and Femke Merkx and {Vienni Baptista}, Bianca and Burgman, {Mark A.} and Walker, {Daniel H.} and John Young and Hilary Bradbury and Lynn Crawford and Budi Haryanto and Pachanee, {Cha aim} and Merritt Polk and Richardson, {George P.}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2020, The Author(s).",
year = "2020",
month = jan,
day = "13",
doi = "10.1057/s41599-019-0380-0",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
journal = "Humanities & social sciences communications",
issn = "2662-9992",
publisher = "Springer Nature AG",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expertise in research integration and implementation for tackling complex problems

T2 - when is it needed, where can it be found and how can it be strengthened?

AU - Bammer, Gabriele

AU - O’Rourke, Michael

AU - O’Connell, Deborah

AU - Neuhauser, Linda

AU - Midgley, Gerald

AU - Klein, Julie Thompson

AU - Grigg, Nicola J.

AU - Gadlin, Howard

AU - Elsum, Ian R.

AU - Bursztyn, Marcel

AU - Fulton, Elizabeth A.

AU - Pohl, Christian

AU - Smithson, Michael

AU - Vilsmaier, Ulli

AU - Bergmann, Matthias

AU - Jaeger, Jill

AU - Merkx, Femke

AU - Vienni Baptista, Bianca

AU - Burgman, Mark A.

AU - Walker, Daniel H.

AU - Young, John

AU - Bradbury, Hilary

AU - Crawford, Lynn

AU - Haryanto, Budi

AU - Pachanee, Cha aim

AU - Polk, Merritt

AU - Richardson, George P.

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2020, The Author(s).

PY - 2020/1/13

Y1 - 2020/1/13

N2 - Expertise in research integration and implementation is an essential but often overlooked component of tackling complex societal and environmental problems. We focus on expertise relevant to any complex problem, especially contributory expertise, divided into ‘knowing-that’ and ‘knowing-how.’ We also deal with interactional expertise and the fact that much expertise is tacit. We explore three questions. First, in examining ‘when is expertise in research integration and implementation required?,’ we review tasks essential (a) to developing more comprehensive understandings of complex problems, plus possible ways to address them, and (b) for supporting implementation of those understandings into government policy, community practice, business and social innovation, or other initiatives. Second, in considering ‘where can expertise in research integration and implementation currently be found?,’ we describe three realms: (a) specific approaches, including interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, systems thinking and sustainability science; (b) case-based experience that is independent of these specific approaches; and (c) research examining elements of integration and implementation, specifically considering unknowns and fostering innovation. We highlight examples of expertise in each realm and demonstrate how fragmentation currently precludes clear identification of research integration and implementation expertise. Third, in exploring ‘what is required to strengthen expertise in research integration and implementation?,’ we propose building a knowledge bank. We delve into three key challenges: compiling existing expertise, indexing and organising the expertise to make it widely accessible, and understanding and overcoming the core reasons for the existing fragmentation. A growing knowledge bank of expertise in research integration and implementation on the one hand, and accumulating success in addressing complex societal and environmental problems on the other, will form a virtuous cycle so that each strengthens the other. Building a coalition of researchers and institutions will ensure this expertise and its application are valued and sustained.

AB - Expertise in research integration and implementation is an essential but often overlooked component of tackling complex societal and environmental problems. We focus on expertise relevant to any complex problem, especially contributory expertise, divided into ‘knowing-that’ and ‘knowing-how.’ We also deal with interactional expertise and the fact that much expertise is tacit. We explore three questions. First, in examining ‘when is expertise in research integration and implementation required?,’ we review tasks essential (a) to developing more comprehensive understandings of complex problems, plus possible ways to address them, and (b) for supporting implementation of those understandings into government policy, community practice, business and social innovation, or other initiatives. Second, in considering ‘where can expertise in research integration and implementation currently be found?,’ we describe three realms: (a) specific approaches, including interdisciplinarity, transdisciplinarity, systems thinking and sustainability science; (b) case-based experience that is independent of these specific approaches; and (c) research examining elements of integration and implementation, specifically considering unknowns and fostering innovation. We highlight examples of expertise in each realm and demonstrate how fragmentation currently precludes clear identification of research integration and implementation expertise. Third, in exploring ‘what is required to strengthen expertise in research integration and implementation?,’ we propose building a knowledge bank. We delve into three key challenges: compiling existing expertise, indexing and organising the expertise to make it widely accessible, and understanding and overcoming the core reasons for the existing fragmentation. A growing knowledge bank of expertise in research integration and implementation on the one hand, and accumulating success in addressing complex societal and environmental problems on the other, will form a virtuous cycle so that each strengthens the other. Building a coalition of researchers and institutions will ensure this expertise and its application are valued and sustained.

KW - Transdisciplinary studies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85077906442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1057/s41599-019-0380-0

DO - 10.1057/s41599-019-0380-0

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:85077906442

VL - 6

JO - Humanities & social sciences communications

JF - Humanities & social sciences communications

SN - 2662-9992

IS - 1

M1 - 5

ER -

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