Effects of rare arable plants on flower-visiting wild bees in agricultural fields

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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Effects of rare arable plants on flower-visiting wild bees in agricultural fields. / Twerski, Alina; Albrecht, Harald; Fründ, Jochen et al.

in: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Jahrgang 323, 107685, 01.01.2022.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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Twerski A, Albrecht H, Fründ J, Moosner M, Fischer C. Effects of rare arable plants on flower-visiting wild bees in agricultural fields. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 2022 Jan 1;323:107685. doi: 10.1016/j.agee.2021.107685

Bibtex

@article{3196fc8c6c4a405b836e78d299595683,
title = "Effects of rare arable plants on flower-visiting wild bees in agricultural fields",
abstract = "Arable plants and wild bees are negatively affected by agricultural intensification, one of the major drivers of global biodiversity loss. However, it remains unclear how endangered and low competitive arable plants (rare arable plants) contribute to the persistence of flower-visiting wild bees by providing additional flower resources in agricultural landscapes. Thus, the effects of sowing 10 rare arable plant species on wild bees were investigated in an experimental field and on 10 different arable farms on nutrient-poor soils. Sowing of rare arable plants on cropped and uncropped plots was compared to annual and perennial wildflower strips. Results showed that rare arable plants on uncropped plots attracted as many wild bees as wildflower strips. Wild bee abundance and species richness increased in the autumn-sown crops in the second year, likely because winter annual rare arable plants were preferred. In particular, rare arable plants provided flowers preferred by long-tongued bumblebees, which are often lacking in intensively managed arable fields. Our study shows that sowing of rare arable plants can increase niche diversity and therefore resource availability for wild bees, and it can also conserve diversity of arable plants in degraded agricultural landscapes. Conservation of arable plants through sowing can also support wild bee communities and may become an important tool in pollinator-friendly management of arable land.",
keywords = "Agri-environmental scheme, Apidae, Ecosystem function, Pollinator, Weed, Wildflower strip, Ecosystems Research",
author = "Alina Twerski and Harald Albrecht and Jochen Fr{\"u}nd and Michaela Moosner and Christina Fischer",
year = "2022",
month = jan,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.agee.2021.107685",
language = "English",
volume = "323",
journal = "Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment",
issn = "0167-8809",
publisher = "Elsevier B.V.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of rare arable plants on flower-visiting wild bees in agricultural fields

AU - Twerski, Alina

AU - Albrecht, Harald

AU - Fründ, Jochen

AU - Moosner, Michaela

AU - Fischer, Christina

PY - 2022/1/1

Y1 - 2022/1/1

N2 - Arable plants and wild bees are negatively affected by agricultural intensification, one of the major drivers of global biodiversity loss. However, it remains unclear how endangered and low competitive arable plants (rare arable plants) contribute to the persistence of flower-visiting wild bees by providing additional flower resources in agricultural landscapes. Thus, the effects of sowing 10 rare arable plant species on wild bees were investigated in an experimental field and on 10 different arable farms on nutrient-poor soils. Sowing of rare arable plants on cropped and uncropped plots was compared to annual and perennial wildflower strips. Results showed that rare arable plants on uncropped plots attracted as many wild bees as wildflower strips. Wild bee abundance and species richness increased in the autumn-sown crops in the second year, likely because winter annual rare arable plants were preferred. In particular, rare arable plants provided flowers preferred by long-tongued bumblebees, which are often lacking in intensively managed arable fields. Our study shows that sowing of rare arable plants can increase niche diversity and therefore resource availability for wild bees, and it can also conserve diversity of arable plants in degraded agricultural landscapes. Conservation of arable plants through sowing can also support wild bee communities and may become an important tool in pollinator-friendly management of arable land.

AB - Arable plants and wild bees are negatively affected by agricultural intensification, one of the major drivers of global biodiversity loss. However, it remains unclear how endangered and low competitive arable plants (rare arable plants) contribute to the persistence of flower-visiting wild bees by providing additional flower resources in agricultural landscapes. Thus, the effects of sowing 10 rare arable plant species on wild bees were investigated in an experimental field and on 10 different arable farms on nutrient-poor soils. Sowing of rare arable plants on cropped and uncropped plots was compared to annual and perennial wildflower strips. Results showed that rare arable plants on uncropped plots attracted as many wild bees as wildflower strips. Wild bee abundance and species richness increased in the autumn-sown crops in the second year, likely because winter annual rare arable plants were preferred. In particular, rare arable plants provided flowers preferred by long-tongued bumblebees, which are often lacking in intensively managed arable fields. Our study shows that sowing of rare arable plants can increase niche diversity and therefore resource availability for wild bees, and it can also conserve diversity of arable plants in degraded agricultural landscapes. Conservation of arable plants through sowing can also support wild bee communities and may become an important tool in pollinator-friendly management of arable land.

KW - Agri-environmental scheme

KW - Apidae

KW - Ecosystem function

KW - Pollinator

KW - Weed

KW - Wildflower strip

KW - Ecosystems Research

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85116133321&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.agee.2021.107685

DO - 10.1016/j.agee.2021.107685

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:85116133321

VL - 323

JO - Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

JF - Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

SN - 0167-8809

M1 - 107685

ER -

DOI