Pesticide externalities from the US agricultural sector - The impact of internalization, reduced pesticide application rates, and climate change

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This study uses mathematical programming to examine alternative assumptions about regulations of external costs from pesticide applications in US agriculture. We find that, without external cost regulation, climate change benefits from increased agricultural production in the US may be more than offset by increased environmental costs. The internalization of the pesticide externalities increase farmers’ production costs but increase farmers’ income because of price adjustments and associated welfare shifts from consumers to producers. Our results also show that full internalizations of external pesticide costs substantially reduces preferred pesticide applications rates for corn and soybeans as climate change.
Original languageEnglish
JournalProcedia Environmental Sciences
Pages (from-to)153-161
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2011

    Research areas

  • Sustainability Science - climate change impacts, pesticide externalities, farm management adaptation, agricultural sector model, welfare maximization, environmental policy analysis