Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation: participatory scenario planning in southwestern Ethiopia

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation : participatory scenario planning in southwestern Ethiopia. / Jiren, Tolera S.; Hanspach, Jan; Schultner, Jannik; Fischer, Joern; Bergsten, Arvid; Senbeta, Feyera; Hylander, Kristoffer; Dorresteijn, Ine.

in: Ecology and Society, Jahrgang 25, Nr. 3, 24, 09.2020.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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@article{8bf3103c455b4123a6b377d6dcca8da9,
title = "Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation: participatory scenario planning in southwestern Ethiopia",
abstract = "Social-ecological systems are complex and involve uncertainties emerging from interactions between biophysical and social system components. In the face of growing complexity and uncertainty, stakeholder engagement with the future is important to proactively manoeuvre toward desirable outcomes. Focusing on the interrelated challenges of food security and biodiversity conservation, we conducted a participatory scenario planning exercise in a rural landscape in southwestern Ethiopia. We involved 35 stakeholder organizations in multiple workshops to construct causal loop diagrams, elicit critical uncertainties, and draft scenario narratives. Jointly, we developed four plausible future scenarios for the studied landscape: (1) gain over grain: local cash crops; (2) mining green gold: coffee investors; (3) coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve; and (4) food first: intensive farming and forest protection. These scenarios differ with respect to their main social-economic dynamics as well as their food security and biodiversity outcomes. Importantly, three of the four scenarios, i.e., all except {"}coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve,{"} focused on increasing efficiency in agricultural production through intensification, specialization, and market integration. In contrast, {"}coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve{"} was driven by agroecological production methods that support diversified livelihoods, a multifunctional landscape, maintenance of natural capital, a governance system that supports local people, and social-ecological resilience. Similar agroecological trajectories have been advocated as desirable for sustainable development in numerous other smallholder farming systems worldwide. Given fewer trade-offs and better equity outcomes, it appears that an agroecological development pathway stands a good chance of generating synergies between food security and biodiversity conservation. Pathways prioritizing agricultural efficiency, in contrast, are more likely to degrade natural capital and cause social inequity.",
keywords = "Environmental planning, agroecology, drivers of change, future scenarios, rural landscapes, intensification, Ecosystems Research, social-ecological system, stakeholder participation",
author = "Jiren, {Tolera S.} and Jan Hanspach and Jannik Schultner and Joern Fischer and Arvid Bergsten and Feyera Senbeta and Kristoffer Hylander and Ine Dorresteijn",
note = "The study was funded through a Consolidator Grant by the European Research Council (ERC) to Joern Fischer. We thank alllocal stakeholders who were involved in the scenario planningworkshops at different stages. Special thanks go to Dadi FeyisaDamu and Birhanu Bekele Negash for facilitating group meetingsin the study area. We would also like to thank our colleagues GirmaShumi Dugo, Patr{\'i}cia Rodrigues, Aisa Manlosa, Abebe Tufa, andLennard Thale-Bombien for their valuable insights and support. Wethank the Governments of Ethiopia and Oromia for granting us therelevant permits.",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
doi = "10.5751/ES-11681-250324",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
journal = "Ecology and Society",
issn = "1708-3087",
publisher = "The Resilience Alliance",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reconciling food security and biodiversity conservation

T2 - participatory scenario planning in southwestern Ethiopia

AU - Jiren, Tolera S.

AU - Hanspach, Jan

AU - Schultner, Jannik

AU - Fischer, Joern

AU - Bergsten, Arvid

AU - Senbeta, Feyera

AU - Hylander, Kristoffer

AU - Dorresteijn, Ine

N1 - The study was funded through a Consolidator Grant by the European Research Council (ERC) to Joern Fischer. We thank alllocal stakeholders who were involved in the scenario planningworkshops at different stages. Special thanks go to Dadi FeyisaDamu and Birhanu Bekele Negash for facilitating group meetingsin the study area. We would also like to thank our colleagues GirmaShumi Dugo, Patrícia Rodrigues, Aisa Manlosa, Abebe Tufa, andLennard Thale-Bombien for their valuable insights and support. Wethank the Governments of Ethiopia and Oromia for granting us therelevant permits.

PY - 2020/9

Y1 - 2020/9

N2 - Social-ecological systems are complex and involve uncertainties emerging from interactions between biophysical and social system components. In the face of growing complexity and uncertainty, stakeholder engagement with the future is important to proactively manoeuvre toward desirable outcomes. Focusing on the interrelated challenges of food security and biodiversity conservation, we conducted a participatory scenario planning exercise in a rural landscape in southwestern Ethiopia. We involved 35 stakeholder organizations in multiple workshops to construct causal loop diagrams, elicit critical uncertainties, and draft scenario narratives. Jointly, we developed four plausible future scenarios for the studied landscape: (1) gain over grain: local cash crops; (2) mining green gold: coffee investors; (3) coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve; and (4) food first: intensive farming and forest protection. These scenarios differ with respect to their main social-economic dynamics as well as their food security and biodiversity outcomes. Importantly, three of the four scenarios, i.e., all except "coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve," focused on increasing efficiency in agricultural production through intensification, specialization, and market integration. In contrast, "coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve" was driven by agroecological production methods that support diversified livelihoods, a multifunctional landscape, maintenance of natural capital, a governance system that supports local people, and social-ecological resilience. Similar agroecological trajectories have been advocated as desirable for sustainable development in numerous other smallholder farming systems worldwide. Given fewer trade-offs and better equity outcomes, it appears that an agroecological development pathway stands a good chance of generating synergies between food security and biodiversity conservation. Pathways prioritizing agricultural efficiency, in contrast, are more likely to degrade natural capital and cause social inequity.

AB - Social-ecological systems are complex and involve uncertainties emerging from interactions between biophysical and social system components. In the face of growing complexity and uncertainty, stakeholder engagement with the future is important to proactively manoeuvre toward desirable outcomes. Focusing on the interrelated challenges of food security and biodiversity conservation, we conducted a participatory scenario planning exercise in a rural landscape in southwestern Ethiopia. We involved 35 stakeholder organizations in multiple workshops to construct causal loop diagrams, elicit critical uncertainties, and draft scenario narratives. Jointly, we developed four plausible future scenarios for the studied landscape: (1) gain over grain: local cash crops; (2) mining green gold: coffee investors; (3) coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve; and (4) food first: intensive farming and forest protection. These scenarios differ with respect to their main social-economic dynamics as well as their food security and biodiversity outcomes. Importantly, three of the four scenarios, i.e., all except "coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve," focused on increasing efficiency in agricultural production through intensification, specialization, and market integration. In contrast, "coffee and conservation: a biosphere reserve" was driven by agroecological production methods that support diversified livelihoods, a multifunctional landscape, maintenance of natural capital, a governance system that supports local people, and social-ecological resilience. Similar agroecological trajectories have been advocated as desirable for sustainable development in numerous other smallholder farming systems worldwide. Given fewer trade-offs and better equity outcomes, it appears that an agroecological development pathway stands a good chance of generating synergies between food security and biodiversity conservation. Pathways prioritizing agricultural efficiency, in contrast, are more likely to degrade natural capital and cause social inequity.

KW - Environmental planning

KW - agroecology

KW - drivers of change

KW - future scenarios

KW - rural landscapes

KW - intensification

KW - Ecosystems Research

KW - social-ecological system

KW - stakeholder participation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85098583074&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5751/ES-11681-250324

DO - 10.5751/ES-11681-250324

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 25

JO - Ecology and Society

JF - Ecology and Society

SN - 1708-3087

IS - 3

M1 - 24

ER -

DOI