A simple nonlinear PD control for faster and high-precision positioning of servomechanisms with actuator saturation

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


This paper investigates the problem of high performance motion control for servomechanisms subject to actuator saturation. A very simple but quite effective nonlinear proportional-derivative (PD) control is proposed for faster and high-precision positioning of such systems. The particular reasoning behind our concern on nonlinear PD (NPD) control is that most of practical servomechanisms so far are still controlled by classic proportional-integral-derivative (PID)/PD or nonlinear PID (NPID)/NPD algorithms and these controls do not explicitly take into account actuator constraint. Lyapunov's direct method is employed to prove global asymptotic positioning stability. The appealing advantages of the proposed control are that it has simple intuitive structure with high computational efficiency and does not involve modelling parameter. An additive feature is that the proposed control has the ability to ensure that actuator constraint is not breached, and thus it completely avoids the instability and degraded or unpredictable motion and thermal or mechanical failure from excessive torque. Simulations and experimental results demonstrate that the proposed approach offers a comparable result over the existing model-dependent nonlinear controls and a much improved performance over the commonly-used model-independent linear PD control for servomechanisms with actuator constraint.

ZeitschriftMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Seiten (von - bis)215-226
Anzahl der Seiten12
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 15.04.2019