Air concentrations and particlegas partitioning of polyfluoroalkyl compounds at a wastewater treatment plant

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Air concentrations and particlegas partitioning of polyfluoroalkyl compounds at a wastewater treatment plant. / Vierke, Lena; Ahrens, Lutz; Shoeib, Mahiba; Reiner, Eric J.; Guo, Rui; Palm, Wolf-Ulrich; Ebinghaus, Ralf; Harner, Tom.

In: Environmental Chemistry, Vol. 8, No. 4, 2011, p. 363-371.

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@article{24bc333d43084fe0aa72116a7e88b46a,
title = "Air concentrations and particlegas partitioning of polyfluoroalkyl compounds at a wastewater treatment plant",
abstract = "Environmental contextPolyfluoroalkyl compounds, widely used chemicals in consumer and industrial products, are global pollutants in the environment. Transport mechanisms and environmental pathways of these compounds, however, are not yet fully understood. We show that a wastewater treatment plant can be an important source for polyfluoroalkyl compounds to the atmosphere where they have the potential to be transported long distances. AbstractAn air sampling campaign was conducted at a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) to investigate air concentrations and particlegas partitioning of polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs). Samples were collected at an aeration tank and a secondary clarifier using both active high volume samplers and passive samplers comprising sorbent-impregnated polyurethane foam (SIP) disks. Water to air transport of PFCs was believed to be enhanced at the aeration tank owing to aerosol-mediated transport caused by surface turbulence induced by aeration. Mean air concentrations of target PFCs at the aeration tank were enriched relative to the secondary clarifier by factors of ∼19, ∼4 and ∼3 for ∑fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) (11000 v. 590pgm-3), ∑perfluorooctane sulfonamides perfluorooctane sulfonamidoethanols (FOSAs FOSEs) (120 v. 30pgm-3) and ∑perfluoroalkyl carboxylates perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (PFCAs PFSAs) (4000 v. 1300pgm-3) respectively. The particle associated fraction in the atmosphere increased with increasing chain length for PFCAs (from 60 to 100%) and PFSAs were predominantly bound to particles (∼98%). Lower fractions on particles were found for FTOHs (∼3%), FOSAs (∼30%) and FOSEs (∼40%). The comparison of the active and passive air sampling showed good agreement.",
keywords = "Chemistry, atmosphere, passive air sampler, PFC, PFOA, PFOS, WWTP",
author = "Lena Vierke and Lutz Ahrens and Mahiba Shoeib and Reiner, {Eric J.} and Rui Guo and Wolf-Ulrich Palm and Ralf Ebinghaus and Tom Harner",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1071/EN10133",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "363--371",
journal = "Environmental Chemistry",
issn = "1448-2517",
publisher = "CSIRO",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Air concentrations and particlegas partitioning of polyfluoroalkyl compounds at a wastewater treatment plant

AU - Vierke, Lena

AU - Ahrens, Lutz

AU - Shoeib, Mahiba

AU - Reiner, Eric J.

AU - Guo, Rui

AU - Palm, Wolf-Ulrich

AU - Ebinghaus, Ralf

AU - Harner, Tom

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Environmental contextPolyfluoroalkyl compounds, widely used chemicals in consumer and industrial products, are global pollutants in the environment. Transport mechanisms and environmental pathways of these compounds, however, are not yet fully understood. We show that a wastewater treatment plant can be an important source for polyfluoroalkyl compounds to the atmosphere where they have the potential to be transported long distances. AbstractAn air sampling campaign was conducted at a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) to investigate air concentrations and particlegas partitioning of polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs). Samples were collected at an aeration tank and a secondary clarifier using both active high volume samplers and passive samplers comprising sorbent-impregnated polyurethane foam (SIP) disks. Water to air transport of PFCs was believed to be enhanced at the aeration tank owing to aerosol-mediated transport caused by surface turbulence induced by aeration. Mean air concentrations of target PFCs at the aeration tank were enriched relative to the secondary clarifier by factors of ∼19, ∼4 and ∼3 for ∑fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) (11000 v. 590pgm-3), ∑perfluorooctane sulfonamides perfluorooctane sulfonamidoethanols (FOSAs FOSEs) (120 v. 30pgm-3) and ∑perfluoroalkyl carboxylates perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (PFCAs PFSAs) (4000 v. 1300pgm-3) respectively. The particle associated fraction in the atmosphere increased with increasing chain length for PFCAs (from 60 to 100%) and PFSAs were predominantly bound to particles (∼98%). Lower fractions on particles were found for FTOHs (∼3%), FOSAs (∼30%) and FOSEs (∼40%). The comparison of the active and passive air sampling showed good agreement.

AB - Environmental contextPolyfluoroalkyl compounds, widely used chemicals in consumer and industrial products, are global pollutants in the environment. Transport mechanisms and environmental pathways of these compounds, however, are not yet fully understood. We show that a wastewater treatment plant can be an important source for polyfluoroalkyl compounds to the atmosphere where they have the potential to be transported long distances. AbstractAn air sampling campaign was conducted at a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) to investigate air concentrations and particlegas partitioning of polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs). Samples were collected at an aeration tank and a secondary clarifier using both active high volume samplers and passive samplers comprising sorbent-impregnated polyurethane foam (SIP) disks. Water to air transport of PFCs was believed to be enhanced at the aeration tank owing to aerosol-mediated transport caused by surface turbulence induced by aeration. Mean air concentrations of target PFCs at the aeration tank were enriched relative to the secondary clarifier by factors of ∼19, ∼4 and ∼3 for ∑fluorotelomer alcohols (FTOHs) (11000 v. 590pgm-3), ∑perfluorooctane sulfonamides perfluorooctane sulfonamidoethanols (FOSAs FOSEs) (120 v. 30pgm-3) and ∑perfluoroalkyl carboxylates perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (PFCAs PFSAs) (4000 v. 1300pgm-3) respectively. The particle associated fraction in the atmosphere increased with increasing chain length for PFCAs (from 60 to 100%) and PFSAs were predominantly bound to particles (∼98%). Lower fractions on particles were found for FTOHs (∼3%), FOSAs (∼30%) and FOSEs (∼40%). The comparison of the active and passive air sampling showed good agreement.

KW - Chemistry

KW - atmosphere

KW - passive air sampler

KW - PFC

KW - PFOA

KW - PFOS

KW - WWTP

UR - https://www.scopus.com/record/display.uri?eid=2-s2.0-80051979107&origin=inward&txGid=0

U2 - 10.1071/EN10133

DO - 10.1071/EN10133

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 8

SP - 363

EP - 371

JO - Environmental Chemistry

JF - Environmental Chemistry

SN - 1448-2517

IS - 4

ER -

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