Measuring Learning Styles with Questionnaires Versus Direct Observation of Preferential Choice Behavior in Authentic Learning Situations: The Visualizer/Verbalizer Behavior Observation Scale (VV-BOS)

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


Research on learning styles and their assessment has been the focus of growing interest due to rapid advances in educational multimedia applications. As an alternative to conventional questionnaires, the VV-BOS, a computer-based instrument for direct observation of students' preference for visual or verbal learning material in an authentic learning situation, was developed. A study with 103 second language learners was conducted to assess the reliability and validity of the scale scores provided by this instrument. The visualizer/verbalizer scale scores were highly reliable. They correlated moderately with corresponding VVQ and ELSIE questionnaire scale scores. Students' learning outcome could successfully be predicted using the VV-BOS scale, but not using the questionnaire scales. The results indicate that the direct observation of students' preferential choice behavior is a promising alternative to conventional questionnaires for the assessment of individual differences in multimedia training and instruction.

ZeitschriftComputers in Human Behavior
Seiten (von - bis)543-557
Anzahl der Seiten15
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.12.1998
Extern publiziertJa