Psychische Gesundheit von Kindern und Jugendlichen mit und ohne Behinderung und krankheitsbedingter Einschränkung: Ergebnisse der repräsentativen Kinder-und Jugendgesundheitsstudie (KiGGS Welle 2)

Research output: Journal contributionsScientific review articlesResearch


  • Stephanie Karg
  • Katharina Rathmann
  • Kevin Dadaczynski

Background and objective Children and adolescents with disabilities and health-related impairment belong to a vulnerable population group. There are only few German findings on mental health that distinguish between children and adolescents with and without disabilities and health-related impairment. Materials and methods Data were used from the German KiGGS Wave 2 of the Robert Koch-Institute from 2014-2017. A total of 11,830 children and adolescents aged 3-17 years were included using the parent perspective and 5,222 children and adolescents between 11-17 years using their self-assessments. Mental health outcomes were mental health problems (SDQ, parental assessment) and health-related quality of life (kidscreen, self-assessment). Univariate and bivariate analyses were conducted using cross-tables with Chi square tests and multivariate analyses using binary logistic regression models. Results In 16.5% of children aged 3-17 years, parents reported mental health problems; 48.4% of the interviewed children and adolescents aged 11-17 years reported a low health-related quality of life. Children with disabilities and health-related impairment had a significantly higher probability of mental health problems (OR: 5.11) and a low health-related quality of life (OR: 1.50). Conclusion The findings suggest a need for action to strengthen mental health in children and adolescents with disabilities and/or health-related impairment. In this context, the educational settings of kindergarten and school are of great importance.

Translated title of the contributionMental Health of Children and Adolescents with and without Disabilities and Health-related Impairment: Results of the Representative German Child and Adolescent Health Survey (KiGGS Wave 2)
Original languageGerman
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)490-497
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 01.07.2021

Bibliographical note

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    Research areas

  • Health sciences
  • Children and adolescents, KiGGS, health-related quality of life, illness-related restrictions, mental health