Hot deformation behavior of Mg-2Sn-2Ca alloy in as-cast condition and after homogenization

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  • K. P. Rao
  • Y. V.R.K. Prasad
  • K. Suresh
  • N. Hort
  • K. U. Kainer

The hot deformation behavior of Mg-2Sn-2Ca (TX22) alloy has been characterized in the temperature range 300-500°C and strain rate range 0.0003-10s-1 using isothermal constant true strain rate tests. A processing map has been developed on the basis of flow stress data obtained as a function of temperature and strain rate, which revealed two windows or domains for hot working the alloy: (1) 300-370°C/0.0003-0.001s-1 and (2) 400-500°C/0.005-1s-1. Microstructural observations indicated that dynamic recrystallization occurs in both these windows with a finer resulting grain size in the first window. Apparent activation energy values of 183 and 178kJ/mole have been estimated in these windows, respectively and these are much higher than that for self-diffusion in Mg suggesting that considerable back stress is being generated due to the intermetallic particles (CaMgSn) present in the matrix. The mechanisms involving basal+prismatic slip and recovery by climb in the first domain and that of second order pyramidal slip and softening by cross-slip in the second domain are suggested to be occurring in these two domains. The processing map obtained on homogenized alloy is identical to that of the as-cast alloy suggesting that there is no benefit of homogenization treatment as regards hot workability and this is attributed to the thermal stability of the as-cast microstructure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Pages (from-to)444-450
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 30.08.2012
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Dynamic recrystallization, Hot deformation, Magnesium alloy, Plastic behavior, Processing maps
  • Engineering