Beschäftigung mit gewalthaltigen Computerspielen und offen aggressives Verhalten bei Kindern und Jugendlichen: Ein Literaturüberblick zur Wirkrichtung

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review


The majority of adolescents play digital games and many play violent ones. That youngsters with more intensive use of violent digital games would increase their physically aggressive behavior measured outside the laboratory over time, was supported in a meta-analysis from 2018. The overall socialization effect of beta = 0.11 was, however, modest. It was reduced to a unique effect of beta = 0.08 for playing violent digital games, when third variables which also explain the physically aggressive behavior were included. In addition, selection effects must
be taken into account, which are based on aggressive individuals’ preferences for violent digital games. Of the ten studies in this meta-analysis which analyzed the direction of effects in cross-lagged-panel or special regression designs, three established socialization effects only, two found bidirectional effects, three found selection effects only, and two found neither effect.
Selection effects were more likely to be found in larger samples and in samples with young adolescents whose preference for violent games was less stable. This more complex result is discussed before the background of the biological, cognitive, and social transitions at the beginning of adolescence.
Translated title of the contributionPlaying Violent Digital Games and Openly Aggressive Behavior by Children and Adolescents: A Literature Review on the Direction of Effects
Original languageGerman
JournalPraxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)109-125
Number of pages17
Publication statusPublished - 01.03.2020

    Research areas

  • Psychology - digital games, Aggressive behavior, Children, adolescents, cross-lagged panel analysis