Modification of the umu-assay (ISO 13829) accounting for cytotoxicity in genotoxicity assessment: A preliminary study

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschung


In this study, the umu-assay (ISO 13829) was modified by addition of the resazurin-reduction assay to assess the cytotoxic potential of toxins. The aim was to develop a test system that was capable of examining both genotoxicity and cytotoxicity on the basis of the metabolic health of the cells so as to provide a better assessment of the negative influence of toxic effects on the evaluation of genotoxicity. The test was established and validated with mitomycin C (MMC), 1,3-dinitropyrene (1,3-DNP), 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO) and chloramphenicol (CHL) as toxins with known responses in the umu-assay. The results indicate that the modified umu-assay was able to reveal genotoxic responses towards MMC, 1,3-DNP and 4-NQO up to 1 μg/ml. Further, the assay was able to determine the cytotoxicity of CHL, MMC and 4-NQO. Hence, the modified umu-assay was proven to be a sensitive test for determining the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of toxins, with results that were comparable with literature data. Moreover, the modified umu-assay showed that cytotoxic concentrations that cause >50% inhibition of dehydrogenase activity (DHA) can result in unreliable computation of genotoxicity.

ZeitschriftMutation Research/Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Seiten (von - bis)190-196
Anzahl der Seiten7
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 18.09.2012