Model-Based Optimization of Spiral Coils for Improving Wireless Power Transfer

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


Inductive wireless power transfer is a promising technology for powering smart wearable devices. The spiral coil shape is widely used in wireless power transfer applications. Nevertheless, during the coil design process, there are many challenges to overcome considering all the design constraints. The most important is to determine the optimal coil parameters (internal radius, external radius, spacing, wire width, and conductive wire) with the aim of obtaining the highest coil quality factor. Coil modeling is very important for the wireless power transfer system’s efficiency. Indeed, it is challenging because it requires a high computational effort and has convergence problems. In this paper, we propose a new approach for the approximation of spiral coils through concentric circular turns to reduce the computational effort. The mathematical model determines the optimal coil parameters to obtain the highest coil quality factor. We have chosen the smart textile as an application. The system operates at a frequency of 100 Khz considering the (Formula presented.) guidelines. To validate this approach, we compared the approximated circular coil model with the spiral coil model through a finite element method simulation using the COMSOL software. The obtained results show that the proposed approximation reduces the complexity of the coil design process and performs well compared to the model corresponding to the spiral shape, without significantly modifying the coil inductance. For a wire width smaller than 1 mm, the total deviation is around 4% in terms of the coil quality factor in a predetermined domain of its parameters.

Anzahl der Seiten17
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.10.2023
Extern publiziertJa

Bibliographische Notiz

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.