Integrating Green and Sustainable Chemistry into Undergraduate Teaching Laboratories: Closing and Assessing the Loop on the Basis of a Citrus Biorefinery Approach for the Biocircular Economy in Brazil

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


  • Vânia G. Zuin
  • Mateus L. Segatto
  • Dorai P. Zandonai
  • Guilherme M. Grosseli
  • Aylon Stahl
  • Karine Zanotti
  • Rosivania S. Andrade

One of the keys to achieving the United Nation's Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in education is to introduce novel pedagogical strategies into university curricula in order to promote an enhanced acute sense of sustainability in future professionals, teachers, and decision-makers. This paper aims at analyzing the effectiveness of including green and sustainable chemistry on the basis of a systems thinking framework to introduce a glocal (global scale, local impact) hot-type topic in an experimental chemistry course for first-year undergraduate Chemical Engineering students from a public Brazilian university located in Saõ Paulo state, Brazil. The enormous amount of waste generated locally by the citrus processing industry was used as a case study for a guided-inquiry laboratory experiment that addressed concepts found in interfaces with other systems, such as biorefineries, biocircular economies, and green technologies and professional education programs. On the basis of student feedback, the alternative procedure proved to be technically and pedagogically effective, showing that problem-based glocal issues can be useful tools for developing sustainability-minded future professionals. Additionally, a set of green and sustainable chemistry education (GSCE) principles composing a new metric called the Green and Sustainable Chemistry Education Compass Rose was proposed that could help educators develop and assess novel experiments to modernize and introduce the scientific concepts and tools needed to face the world's greatest challenges.

ZeitschriftJournal of Chemical Education
Seiten (von - bis)2975-2983
Anzahl der Seiten9
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 10.12.2019
Extern publiziertJa

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
The authors would like to thank CNPq (PIBIC/PIBIC-AF-UFSCar 2018, 310149/2017-7, 421096/2016-0, and 311000/2014-2), FAPESP (18/11409-0 and 17/25015-1), and IUPAC (2013-041-3-300) for their financial support, as well as the staff and all undergraduate students who attended the course from March to June 2018 and who agreed to participate in this study, signing the consent term recommended by the Committee on Ethics in Research of the Federal University of São Carlos.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 American Chemical Society and Division of Chemical Education, Inc.