How selective are real wage cuts? A micro-analysis using linked employer–employee data

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Using linked employer-employee panel data for Germany, we investigate whether firms implement real wage reductions in a selective manner. In line with insider-outsider and several strands of efficiency wage theory, we find strong evidence for selective wage cuts with high-productivity workers being spared even when controlling for permanent differences in firms' wage policies. In contrast to some recent contributions stressing fairness considerations, we also find that wage cuts increase wage dispersion among peers rather than narrowing it. Notably, the same selectivity pattern shows up when restricting our analysis to firms covered by collective agreements or having a works council. © 2015 CEIS, Fondazione Giacomo Brodolini and John Wiley
Original languageEnglish
JournalLabour - Review of labour economics and industrial relations
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)327-347
Number of pages21
Publication statusPublished - 01.12.2015
Externally publishedYes