Empowering materials processing and performance from data and AI

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Third millennium engineering is addressing new challenges in materials sciences
and engineering. In particular, the advances in materials engineering, combined with the advances in data acquisition, processing and mining as well as artificial intelligence, allow new ways of thinking in designing new materials and products. Additionally, this gives rise to new paradigms in bridging raw material data and processing to the induced properties and performance. On the one hand, the linkage can be done purely on a data-driven basis, i.e., models are created from scratch based on the obtained experimental data alone, for
instance with statistical methods or advanced methods of machine learning. Particularly obvious advantages of such kinds of models are that no simplification or assumptions need to be incorporated a priori, and that it allows real-time prediction, leading to a so-called digital twin of the specific material/process. However, such approaches typically face some
general challenges, such as the necessity of (maybe unnecessarily) large and comprehensive datasets, because they rely only on the data themselves and allow prediction only within the investigated/trained dataspace. Another way of addressing the challenge of predicting the complex processing–structure–property relationships in materials is the enhancement of already existing physics-based models via data and machine learning tools, i.e., combining
a physics-based model (often called virtual twin) and a data-based model, leading to a so-called hybrid twin [1]. In this regard, possible deviations of the physics-based model, which rely on a number of simplifications and assumptions, can be healed by correcting the model based on a data-driven approach, i.e., combining the advantages of both models.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4409
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number16
Number of pages4
ISSN1996-1944
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 06.08.2021

DOI