Do employers have more monopsony power in slack labor markets?

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Do employers have more monopsony power in slack labor markets? / Hirsch, Boris; Jahn, Elke J.; Schnabel, Claus.

In: Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 71, No. 3, 01.05.2018, p. 676-704.

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

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@article{effd86d561f6459ea50f2ef16ea038e7,
title = "Do employers have more monopsony power in slack labor markets?",
abstract = "This article confronts monopsony theory{\textquoteright}s predictions regarding workers{\textquoteright} wages with observed wage patterns over the business cycle. Using German administrative data for the years 1985 to 2010 and an estimation framework based on duration models, the authors construct a time series of the labor supply elasticity to the firm and estimate its relationship to the unemployment rate. They find that firms possess more monopsony power during economic downturns. Half of this cyclicality stems from workers{\textquoteright} job separations being less wage driven when unemployment rises, and the other half mirrors that firms find it relatively easier to poach workers. Results show that the cyclicality is more pronounced in tight labor markets with low unemployment, and that the findings are robust to controlling for time-invariant unobserved worker or plant heterogeneity. The authors further document that cyclical changes in workers{\textquoteright} entry wages are of similar magnitude as those predicted under pure monopsonistic wage setting.",
keywords = "Economics, monopsony power, business cycle, wage cyclicality, monopsony power, business cycle, wage cyclicality",
author = "Boris Hirsch and Jahn, {Elke J.} and Claus Schnabel",
year = "2018",
month = may,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0019793917720383",
language = "English",
volume = "71",
pages = "676--704",
journal = "ILR Review",
issn = "0019-7939",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do employers have more monopsony power in slack labor markets?

AU - Hirsch, Boris

AU - Jahn, Elke J.

AU - Schnabel, Claus

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - This article confronts monopsony theory’s predictions regarding workers’ wages with observed wage patterns over the business cycle. Using German administrative data for the years 1985 to 2010 and an estimation framework based on duration models, the authors construct a time series of the labor supply elasticity to the firm and estimate its relationship to the unemployment rate. They find that firms possess more monopsony power during economic downturns. Half of this cyclicality stems from workers’ job separations being less wage driven when unemployment rises, and the other half mirrors that firms find it relatively easier to poach workers. Results show that the cyclicality is more pronounced in tight labor markets with low unemployment, and that the findings are robust to controlling for time-invariant unobserved worker or plant heterogeneity. The authors further document that cyclical changes in workers’ entry wages are of similar magnitude as those predicted under pure monopsonistic wage setting.

AB - This article confronts monopsony theory’s predictions regarding workers’ wages with observed wage patterns over the business cycle. Using German administrative data for the years 1985 to 2010 and an estimation framework based on duration models, the authors construct a time series of the labor supply elasticity to the firm and estimate its relationship to the unemployment rate. They find that firms possess more monopsony power during economic downturns. Half of this cyclicality stems from workers’ job separations being less wage driven when unemployment rises, and the other half mirrors that firms find it relatively easier to poach workers. Results show that the cyclicality is more pronounced in tight labor markets with low unemployment, and that the findings are robust to controlling for time-invariant unobserved worker or plant heterogeneity. The authors further document that cyclical changes in workers’ entry wages are of similar magnitude as those predicted under pure monopsonistic wage setting.

KW - Economics

KW - monopsony power

KW - business cycle

KW - wage cyclicality

KW - monopsony power

KW - business cycle

KW - wage cyclicality

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85045526097&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0019793917720383

DO - 10.1177/0019793917720383

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 71

SP - 676

EP - 704

JO - ILR Review

JF - ILR Review

SN - 0019-7939

IS - 3

ER -

DOI