Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

Standard

Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates. / Earnshaw, Mark R; Paul, Alexander G; Loos, Robert et al.

In: Environmental international, Vol. 70, 01.09.2014, p. 25-31.

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Earnshaw, MR, Paul, AG, Loos, R, Tavazzi, S, Paracchini, B, Scheringer, M, Hungerbühler, K, Jones, KC & Sweetman, AJ 2014, 'Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates', Environmental international, vol. 70, pp. 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

APA

Earnshaw, M. R., Paul, A. G., Loos, R., Tavazzi, S., Paracchini, B., Scheringer, M., Hungerbühler, K., Jones, K. C., & Sweetman, A. J. (2014). Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates. Environmental international, 70, 25-31. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

Vancouver

Earnshaw MR, Paul AG, Loos R, Tavazzi S, Paracchini B, Scheringer M et al. Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates. Environmental international. 2014 Sep 1;70:25-31. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

Bibtex

@article{4b14463c29f44df2ad0bd9fc9766e249,
title = "Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates",
abstract = "The lifecycle, sources and fate of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) continue to generate scientific and political interest, particularly since PFOS was listed by the Stockholm Convention and largely restricted in Europe. It continues to be detected in aquatic environments, with only limited studies into the on-going sources. This paper explores PFOS emissions discharged by the general population into a small catchment comprising two rivers in the UK. A sampling campaign was undertaken to improve our understanding of population-derived PFOS sources from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and in rivers. A corresponding modelling exercise allowed an emission estimate of 13μg/day/per capita to be derived for the Aire and Calder rivers. PFOS emission was linked to STP discharges bylinear regression of measured and modelled concntrations (R(2)=0.49-0.85). The model was able to accurately estimate the spatial trends of PFOS in the rivers, while predicted concentrations were within a factor of three based on per capita emission values taken from the literature. Measured PFOS concentrations in rivers suggested that emissions from STPs are partially dependent on treatment type, where plants with secondary or tertiary treatment such as activated sludge processes emit less PFOS, possibly due to increased partitioning and retention. With refinements based on the type of treatment at each STP, predictions were further improved. The total PFOS mass discharged annually via rivers from the UK has been estimated to be between 215 and 310kg, based on the per capita emission range derived in this study.",
keywords = "Chemistry, Alkanesulfonic Acids, Environmental Monitoring, Fluorocarbons, Great Britain, Kinetics, Models, Theoretical, Rivers, Sewage, Water Pollutants, Chemical",
author = "Earnshaw, {Mark R} and Paul, {Alexander G} and Robert Loos and Simona Tavazzi and Bruno Paracchini and Martin Scheringer and Konrad Hungerb{\"u}hler and Jones, {Kevin C} and Sweetman, {Andrew J}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.",
year = "2014",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "25--31",
journal = "Environmental international",
issn = "0160-4120",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing measured and modelled PFOS concentrations in a UK freshwater catchment and estimating emission rates

AU - Earnshaw, Mark R

AU - Paul, Alexander G

AU - Loos, Robert

AU - Tavazzi, Simona

AU - Paracchini, Bruno

AU - Scheringer, Martin

AU - Hungerbühler, Konrad

AU - Jones, Kevin C

AU - Sweetman, Andrew J

N1 - Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PY - 2014/9/1

Y1 - 2014/9/1

N2 - The lifecycle, sources and fate of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) continue to generate scientific and political interest, particularly since PFOS was listed by the Stockholm Convention and largely restricted in Europe. It continues to be detected in aquatic environments, with only limited studies into the on-going sources. This paper explores PFOS emissions discharged by the general population into a small catchment comprising two rivers in the UK. A sampling campaign was undertaken to improve our understanding of population-derived PFOS sources from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and in rivers. A corresponding modelling exercise allowed an emission estimate of 13μg/day/per capita to be derived for the Aire and Calder rivers. PFOS emission was linked to STP discharges bylinear regression of measured and modelled concntrations (R(2)=0.49-0.85). The model was able to accurately estimate the spatial trends of PFOS in the rivers, while predicted concentrations were within a factor of three based on per capita emission values taken from the literature. Measured PFOS concentrations in rivers suggested that emissions from STPs are partially dependent on treatment type, where plants with secondary or tertiary treatment such as activated sludge processes emit less PFOS, possibly due to increased partitioning and retention. With refinements based on the type of treatment at each STP, predictions were further improved. The total PFOS mass discharged annually via rivers from the UK has been estimated to be between 215 and 310kg, based on the per capita emission range derived in this study.

AB - The lifecycle, sources and fate of perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) continue to generate scientific and political interest, particularly since PFOS was listed by the Stockholm Convention and largely restricted in Europe. It continues to be detected in aquatic environments, with only limited studies into the on-going sources. This paper explores PFOS emissions discharged by the general population into a small catchment comprising two rivers in the UK. A sampling campaign was undertaken to improve our understanding of population-derived PFOS sources from sewage treatment plants (STPs) and in rivers. A corresponding modelling exercise allowed an emission estimate of 13μg/day/per capita to be derived for the Aire and Calder rivers. PFOS emission was linked to STP discharges bylinear regression of measured and modelled concntrations (R(2)=0.49-0.85). The model was able to accurately estimate the spatial trends of PFOS in the rivers, while predicted concentrations were within a factor of three based on per capita emission values taken from the literature. Measured PFOS concentrations in rivers suggested that emissions from STPs are partially dependent on treatment type, where plants with secondary or tertiary treatment such as activated sludge processes emit less PFOS, possibly due to increased partitioning and retention. With refinements based on the type of treatment at each STP, predictions were further improved. The total PFOS mass discharged annually via rivers from the UK has been estimated to be between 215 and 310kg, based on the per capita emission range derived in this study.

KW - Chemistry

KW - Alkanesulfonic Acids

KW - Environmental Monitoring

KW - Fluorocarbons

KW - Great Britain

KW - Kinetics

KW - Models, Theoretical

KW - Rivers

KW - Sewage

KW - Water Pollutants, Chemical

U2 - 10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

DO - 10.1016/j.envint.2014.05.004

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 24879369

VL - 70

SP - 25

EP - 31

JO - Environmental international

JF - Environmental international

SN - 0160-4120

ER -