A livelihood analysis of resettlement outcomes: lessons for climate-induced relocations

Research output: Journal contributionsScientific review articlesResearch


The resettlement of communities has occurred throughout time from a variety of drivers. More recently, relocation from climate change impacts has emerged in policy frameworks and on-the-ground initiatives. While there are few case studies of climate-induced relocation globally, this is expected to increase in the future. Exploring the livelihood implications of past resettlements is one way of better preparing for this. This paper reviews 203 resettlement case studies to evaluate the implications on livelihoods and extract key lessons applicable for future climate-induced relocations. Findings revealed physical outcomes as the only in which any improvement was seen while natural, social, financial, human and cultural outcomes fared worse. Key consideration for future relocations emerged surrounding: (a) land and compensation, (b) accounting for the issue of access to livelihood assets, (c) accounting for the intersections of vulnerability within a ‘community’, (d) explicit recognition and attention to the cultural dimensions of relocation, and (e) meaningful participatory planning.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1474–1489
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 01.09.2020
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Sustainability Governance - climate change, community, livelihoods, relocation, resettlement, sustainble livelihood framework