A livelihood analysis of resettlement outcomes: lessons for climate-induced relocations

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenÜbersichtsarbeitenForschung


The resettlement of communities has occurred throughout time from a variety of drivers. More recently, relocation from climate change impacts has emerged in policy frameworks and on-the-ground initiatives. While there are few case studies of climate-induced relocation globally, this is expected to increase in the future. Exploring the livelihood implications of past resettlements is one way of better preparing for this. This paper reviews 203 resettlement case studies to evaluate the implications on livelihoods and extract key lessons applicable for future climate-induced relocations. Findings revealed physical outcomes as the only in which any improvement was seen while natural, social, financial, human and cultural outcomes fared worse. Key consideration for future relocations emerged surrounding: (a) land and compensation, (b) accounting for the issue of access to livelihood assets, (c) accounting for the intersections of vulnerability within a ‘community’, (d) explicit recognition and attention to the cultural dimensions of relocation, and (e) meaningful participatory planning.
Seiten (von - bis)1474–1489
Anzahl der Seiten16
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.09.2020
Extern publiziertJa