Intensive Recreational Activities in Suburban Forests: A Method to quantify the Reduction in Timber Value

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


  • Hans-Peter Rusterholz
  • Erol Bilecen
  • Oliver Kleiber
  • K. Tessa Hegetschweiler
  • Bruno Baur

Central European forests are generally multifunctional; the same forest areas are used for timber production and recreation. In frequently visited areas damage to trees can be observed. We developed a method to estimate the actual reduction in timber value due to recreation-induced damage. The method was tested in two suburban (oak-hornbeam and beech) forests sustainably maintained by a selective management system and with free access in northwestern Switzerland. Considering the total forest areas, 9.4% of oak trees and 23.0% of beech trees were damaged by recreational activities. The resulting reduction in timber value averaged 19 and 53 € ha -1 a -1 in the two forests. The annual reduction in timber value due to recreation-induced damage can account for up to 16% of the total proceeds. The monetary benefits of forest recreation in these areas, however, by far exceed the damage to trees.

ZeitschriftUrban Forestry and Urban Greening
Seiten (von - bis)109-116
Anzahl der Seiten8
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 2009