Age and gender effects of workforce composition on productivity and profits: Evidence from a new type of data for German enterprises

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This empirical paper documents the relationship between the composition of a firm’s workforce (with a special focus on age and gender) and its performance (productivity and profitability) for a large representative sample of enterprises from manufacturing industries in Germany using newly available, unique data. We find concave age-productivity profiles and a negative correlation of age on firms’ profitability. Moreover, our micro-econometric analysis reveals for the first time that the ceteris paribus lower level of productivity in firms with a higher share of female employees does not go hand in hand with a lower level of profitability in these firms.
Original languageEnglish
JournalContemporary Economics
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)25-46
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 31.03.2014

    Research areas

  • Gender and Diversity - Ageing, Firm performance, Gender, Germany, productivity, Profitability