Science text comprehension: Drawing, main idea selection, and summarizing as learning strategies

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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Science text comprehension : Drawing, main idea selection, and summarizing as learning strategies. / Leopold, Claudia; Leutner, Detlev.

in: Learning and Instruction, Jahrgang 22, Nr. 1, 02.2012, S. 16-26.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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@article{12958e9872f741fea704d74120f41dc8,
title = "Science text comprehension: Drawing, main idea selection, and summarizing as learning strategies",
abstract = "The purpose of two experiments was to contrast instructions to generate drawings with two text-focused strategies-main idea selection (Exp. 1) and summarization (Exp. 2)-and to examine whether these strategies could help students learn from a chemistry science text. Both experiments followed a 2 × 2 design, with drawing strategy instructions (yes vs. no) and main idea/summarization strategy instructions (yes vs. no) as experimental factors. The main dependent variable was science text comprehension, measured by a multiple-select test and a transfer test. Participants were 90 (Exp. 1) and 71 (Exp. 2) students (grade 10). The results of both experiments showed positive effects of the drawing strategy instructions and negative effects of the text-focused strategy instructions without interactions. These results are consistent with the mental model approach to comprehension, showing advantages of drawing activity in fostering science text comprehension.",
keywords = "Drawing activity, Learning strategies, Summarization, Text comprehension, Visualization, Psychology",
author = "Claudia Leopold and Detlev Leutner",
year = "2012",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1016/j.learninstruc.2011.05.005",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "16--26",
journal = "Learning and Instruction",
issn = "0959-4752",
publisher = "Netherlands : Elsevier Science",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Science text comprehension

T2 - Drawing, main idea selection, and summarizing as learning strategies

AU - Leopold, Claudia

AU - Leutner, Detlev

PY - 2012/2

Y1 - 2012/2

N2 - The purpose of two experiments was to contrast instructions to generate drawings with two text-focused strategies-main idea selection (Exp. 1) and summarization (Exp. 2)-and to examine whether these strategies could help students learn from a chemistry science text. Both experiments followed a 2 × 2 design, with drawing strategy instructions (yes vs. no) and main idea/summarization strategy instructions (yes vs. no) as experimental factors. The main dependent variable was science text comprehension, measured by a multiple-select test and a transfer test. Participants were 90 (Exp. 1) and 71 (Exp. 2) students (grade 10). The results of both experiments showed positive effects of the drawing strategy instructions and negative effects of the text-focused strategy instructions without interactions. These results are consistent with the mental model approach to comprehension, showing advantages of drawing activity in fostering science text comprehension.

AB - The purpose of two experiments was to contrast instructions to generate drawings with two text-focused strategies-main idea selection (Exp. 1) and summarization (Exp. 2)-and to examine whether these strategies could help students learn from a chemistry science text. Both experiments followed a 2 × 2 design, with drawing strategy instructions (yes vs. no) and main idea/summarization strategy instructions (yes vs. no) as experimental factors. The main dependent variable was science text comprehension, measured by a multiple-select test and a transfer test. Participants were 90 (Exp. 1) and 71 (Exp. 2) students (grade 10). The results of both experiments showed positive effects of the drawing strategy instructions and negative effects of the text-focused strategy instructions without interactions. These results are consistent with the mental model approach to comprehension, showing advantages of drawing activity in fostering science text comprehension.

KW - Drawing activity

KW - Learning strategies

KW - Summarization

KW - Text comprehension

KW - Visualization

KW - Psychology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=82455162424&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2011.05.005

DO - 10.1016/j.learninstruc.2011.05.005

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:82455162424

VL - 22

SP - 16

EP - 26

JO - Learning and Instruction

JF - Learning and Instruction

SN - 0959-4752

IS - 1

ER -

DOI