Landscape-scale analysis of cropping system effects on soil quality in a context of crop-livestock farming

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Standard

Landscape-scale analysis of cropping system effects on soil quality in a context of crop-livestock farming. / Viaud, Valérie; Santillàn-Carvantes, Patricia; Akkal-Corfini, Nouraya; Le Guillou, Cédric; Prévost-Bouré, Nicolas Chemidlin; Ranjard, Lionel; Menasseri-Aubry, Safya.

in: Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Jahrgang 265, 01.10.2018, S. 166-177.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Bibtex

@article{91803a6278954dbaa5cfd376f56dd0b1,
title = "Landscape-scale analysis of cropping system effects on soil quality in a context of crop-livestock farming",
abstract = "Crop-livestock systems are complex farming systems in which many agricultural practices are combined. Sustainable management of soils in these farming systems requires comprehensive assessment of soil quality and consideration of soil properties and functions in an integrated way. This study evaluated soil quality in a 12-km² watershed that contains intensive crop-livestock farming systems typical of western France and characterized by high animal density and the co-existence of annual crops (cereals and forages, sometimes in rotation with temporary grasslands) and permanent grasslands. Physical (bulk density, aggregate stability), chemical (pH, copper, organic carbon, nitrogen, available phosphorus, C:N) and biological properties (bacterial and fungal abundance and diversity) of the soil were measured in the upper 15 cm of soil at 164 sampling points. Cropping systems at each point were described in detail from farm surveys, which collected data on crop rotations, manure and crop-residue management, fertilizer application and tillage. The variability in soil properties and the impact of cropping systems were quantified at the watershed scale. The percentage of variance of soil properties explained by the cropping system ranged from 6 to 47%, reaching 47%, 36% and 29% for aggregate stability after a fast wetting test, total nitrogen and organic carbon, respectively. Soil biological properties were explained less, but significantly so, by the cropping system as well. Soil properties were combined into a soil quality index. Among variables, crop rotation influenced soil quality the most, much more than manure application. Permanent grasslands and crop rotations with temporary grasslands had significantly higher soil quality indices than annual crops. This approach requires further development to analyze trade-offs among soil properties in crop-livestock systems.",
keywords = "Crop residues, Crop rotations, Grasslands, Manure fertilization, Multicriteria analysis, Soil organic matter, Soil quality, Transdisciplinary studies",
author = "Val{\'e}rie Viaud and Patricia Santill{\`a}n-Carvantes and Nouraya Akkal-Corfini and {Le Guillou}, C{\'e}dric and Pr{\'e}vost-Bour{\'e}, {Nicolas Chemidlin} and Lionel Ranjard and Safya Menasseri-Aubry",
year = "2018",
month = oct,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.agee.2018.06.018",
language = "English",
volume = "265",
pages = "166--177",
journal = "Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment",
issn = "0167-8809",
publisher = "Elsevier B.V.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Landscape-scale analysis of cropping system effects on soil quality in a context of crop-livestock farming

AU - Viaud, Valérie

AU - Santillàn-Carvantes, Patricia

AU - Akkal-Corfini, Nouraya

AU - Le Guillou, Cédric

AU - Prévost-Bouré, Nicolas Chemidlin

AU - Ranjard, Lionel

AU - Menasseri-Aubry, Safya

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Crop-livestock systems are complex farming systems in which many agricultural practices are combined. Sustainable management of soils in these farming systems requires comprehensive assessment of soil quality and consideration of soil properties and functions in an integrated way. This study evaluated soil quality in a 12-km² watershed that contains intensive crop-livestock farming systems typical of western France and characterized by high animal density and the co-existence of annual crops (cereals and forages, sometimes in rotation with temporary grasslands) and permanent grasslands. Physical (bulk density, aggregate stability), chemical (pH, copper, organic carbon, nitrogen, available phosphorus, C:N) and biological properties (bacterial and fungal abundance and diversity) of the soil were measured in the upper 15 cm of soil at 164 sampling points. Cropping systems at each point were described in detail from farm surveys, which collected data on crop rotations, manure and crop-residue management, fertilizer application and tillage. The variability in soil properties and the impact of cropping systems were quantified at the watershed scale. The percentage of variance of soil properties explained by the cropping system ranged from 6 to 47%, reaching 47%, 36% and 29% for aggregate stability after a fast wetting test, total nitrogen and organic carbon, respectively. Soil biological properties were explained less, but significantly so, by the cropping system as well. Soil properties were combined into a soil quality index. Among variables, crop rotation influenced soil quality the most, much more than manure application. Permanent grasslands and crop rotations with temporary grasslands had significantly higher soil quality indices than annual crops. This approach requires further development to analyze trade-offs among soil properties in crop-livestock systems.

AB - Crop-livestock systems are complex farming systems in which many agricultural practices are combined. Sustainable management of soils in these farming systems requires comprehensive assessment of soil quality and consideration of soil properties and functions in an integrated way. This study evaluated soil quality in a 12-km² watershed that contains intensive crop-livestock farming systems typical of western France and characterized by high animal density and the co-existence of annual crops (cereals and forages, sometimes in rotation with temporary grasslands) and permanent grasslands. Physical (bulk density, aggregate stability), chemical (pH, copper, organic carbon, nitrogen, available phosphorus, C:N) and biological properties (bacterial and fungal abundance and diversity) of the soil were measured in the upper 15 cm of soil at 164 sampling points. Cropping systems at each point were described in detail from farm surveys, which collected data on crop rotations, manure and crop-residue management, fertilizer application and tillage. The variability in soil properties and the impact of cropping systems were quantified at the watershed scale. The percentage of variance of soil properties explained by the cropping system ranged from 6 to 47%, reaching 47%, 36% and 29% for aggregate stability after a fast wetting test, total nitrogen and organic carbon, respectively. Soil biological properties were explained less, but significantly so, by the cropping system as well. Soil properties were combined into a soil quality index. Among variables, crop rotation influenced soil quality the most, much more than manure application. Permanent grasslands and crop rotations with temporary grasslands had significantly higher soil quality indices than annual crops. This approach requires further development to analyze trade-offs among soil properties in crop-livestock systems.

KW - Crop residues

KW - Crop rotations

KW - Grasslands

KW - Manure fertilization

KW - Multicriteria analysis

KW - Soil organic matter

KW - Soil quality

KW - Transdisciplinary studies

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85048948466&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.agee.2018.06.018

DO - 10.1016/j.agee.2018.06.018

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:85048948466

VL - 265

SP - 166

EP - 177

JO - Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

JF - Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment

SN - 0167-8809

ER -

DOI