Acute effects of long-lasting stretching and strength training on maximal strength and flexibility in the calf muscle

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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Acute effects of long-lasting stretching and strength training on maximal strength and flexibility in the calf muscle. / Warneke, Konstantin; Wohlann, Tim; Lohmann, Lars H. et al.

in: German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research , Jahrgang 53, Nr. 2, 01.06.2023, S. 148-154.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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@article{0b792604f9814769a1eb6dbe5373ab52,
title = "Acute effects of long-lasting stretching and strength training on maximal strength and flexibility in the calf muscle",
abstract = "The so-called “stretch-induced force deficit” is known from a large amount of research. There are many theories trying to explain the stretch-induced force deficit and increases in the range of motion (ROM) which all offer a stretch training-specific explanation. However, when performing a commonly used strength training session, a reduced maximum strength (MSt) capacity can be assumed as well. Based on this, the aim of the study is to investigate the tension-induced force deficit due to a suprathreshold strength or stretching training stimulus. Therefore, 71 participants (age: 24.1 ± 4.2 years, height: 176.3 ± 5.7 cm, weight: 74.1 ± 7.5 kg) were divided into three groups: static stretching group (SST), strength training group (STR), and control group (CG). To investigate possible mechanical tension-induced force deficits, SST performed a long-lasting static stretching intervention for 1 h using an orthosis, while STR executed a common strength training intervention (5 × 12 repetition) for the plantar flexors. The results show a significant reduction of measured MSt as well as increased ROM for both SST and STR following the interventions. Consequently, we found similar acute effects of stretching and strength training regarding MSt and flexibility. We conclude that the decreased MSt capacities can possibly be attributed to mechanical tension-induced damage of the muscle that is not linked to a specific training method. The improvements in flexibility found in both intervention groups might be attributed to warm up effects when inducing high mechanical tension to large ankle joint angles.",
keywords = "Maximal strength capacity, Mobility, Range of motion, Static stretching, Stretch-induced force deficit, Maximal strength capacity, Range of motion, Mobility, Static stretching, Stretch-induced force deficit, Physical education and sports",
author = "Konstantin Warneke and Tim Wohlann and Lohmann, {Lars H.} and Klaus Wirth and Stephan Schiemann",
note = "Leuphana Universit{\"a}t L{\"u}neburg Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022, The Author(s).",
year = "2023",
month = jun,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s12662-022-00854-7",
language = "English",
volume = "53",
pages = "148--154",
journal = "German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research ",
issn = "2509-3142",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Acute effects of long-lasting stretching and strength training on maximal strength and flexibility in the calf muscle

AU - Warneke, Konstantin

AU - Wohlann, Tim

AU - Lohmann, Lars H.

AU - Wirth, Klaus

AU - Schiemann, Stephan

N1 - Leuphana Universität Lüneburg Publisher Copyright: © 2022, The Author(s).

PY - 2023/6/1

Y1 - 2023/6/1

N2 - The so-called “stretch-induced force deficit” is known from a large amount of research. There are many theories trying to explain the stretch-induced force deficit and increases in the range of motion (ROM) which all offer a stretch training-specific explanation. However, when performing a commonly used strength training session, a reduced maximum strength (MSt) capacity can be assumed as well. Based on this, the aim of the study is to investigate the tension-induced force deficit due to a suprathreshold strength or stretching training stimulus. Therefore, 71 participants (age: 24.1 ± 4.2 years, height: 176.3 ± 5.7 cm, weight: 74.1 ± 7.5 kg) were divided into three groups: static stretching group (SST), strength training group (STR), and control group (CG). To investigate possible mechanical tension-induced force deficits, SST performed a long-lasting static stretching intervention for 1 h using an orthosis, while STR executed a common strength training intervention (5 × 12 repetition) for the plantar flexors. The results show a significant reduction of measured MSt as well as increased ROM for both SST and STR following the interventions. Consequently, we found similar acute effects of stretching and strength training regarding MSt and flexibility. We conclude that the decreased MSt capacities can possibly be attributed to mechanical tension-induced damage of the muscle that is not linked to a specific training method. The improvements in flexibility found in both intervention groups might be attributed to warm up effects when inducing high mechanical tension to large ankle joint angles.

AB - The so-called “stretch-induced force deficit” is known from a large amount of research. There are many theories trying to explain the stretch-induced force deficit and increases in the range of motion (ROM) which all offer a stretch training-specific explanation. However, when performing a commonly used strength training session, a reduced maximum strength (MSt) capacity can be assumed as well. Based on this, the aim of the study is to investigate the tension-induced force deficit due to a suprathreshold strength or stretching training stimulus. Therefore, 71 participants (age: 24.1 ± 4.2 years, height: 176.3 ± 5.7 cm, weight: 74.1 ± 7.5 kg) were divided into three groups: static stretching group (SST), strength training group (STR), and control group (CG). To investigate possible mechanical tension-induced force deficits, SST performed a long-lasting static stretching intervention for 1 h using an orthosis, while STR executed a common strength training intervention (5 × 12 repetition) for the plantar flexors. The results show a significant reduction of measured MSt as well as increased ROM for both SST and STR following the interventions. Consequently, we found similar acute effects of stretching and strength training regarding MSt and flexibility. We conclude that the decreased MSt capacities can possibly be attributed to mechanical tension-induced damage of the muscle that is not linked to a specific training method. The improvements in flexibility found in both intervention groups might be attributed to warm up effects when inducing high mechanical tension to large ankle joint angles.

KW - Maximal strength capacity

KW - Mobility

KW - Range of motion

KW - Static stretching

KW - Stretch-induced force deficit

KW - Maximal strength capacity

KW - Range of motion

KW - Mobility

KW - Static stretching

KW - Stretch-induced force deficit

KW - Physical education and sports

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85140971518&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/de75dd04-dc07-33df-ad39-d786279b1ba5/

U2 - 10.1007/s12662-022-00854-7

DO - 10.1007/s12662-022-00854-7

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:85140971518

VL - 53

SP - 148

EP - 154

JO - German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research

JF - German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research

SN - 2509-3142

IS - 2

ER -

DOI