A holistic approach to studying social-ecological systems and its application to Southern Transylvania

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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A holistic approach to studying social-ecological systems and its application to Southern Transylvania. / Hanspach, Jan; Hartel, Tibor; Milcu, Andra Ioana; Mikulcak, Friederike; Dorresteijn, Ine; Loos, Jacqueline; von Wehrden, Henrik; Kuemmerle, Tobias; Abson, David; Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó; Báldi, András; Fischer, Jörn.

in: Ecology and Society, Jahrgang 19, Nr. 4, 32, 18.11.2014.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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@article{57bf079f50784c399871724279a33741,
title = "A holistic approach to studying social-ecological systems and its application to Southern Transylvania",
abstract = "Global change presents risks and opportunities for social-ecological systems worldwide. Key challenges for sustainability science are to identify plausible future changes in social-ecological systems, and find ways to reach socially and environmentally desirable conditions. In this context, regional-scale studies are important, but to date, many such studies have focused on a narrow set of issues or applied a narrow set of tools. Here, we present a holistic approach to work through the complexity posed by cross-scale interactions, spatial heterogeneity and multiple uncertainties facing regional social-ecological systems. Our approach is spatially explicit and involves assessments of (i) social conditions and natural capital bundles, (ii) social-ecological system dynamics, and (iii) current development trends. The resulting understanding are, in turn, used in combination with scenario planning to map how current development trends may be amplified or dampened in the future. We illustrate our approach via a detailed case study in Southern Transylvania, Romania – one of Europe{\textquoteright}s most significant biocultural refugia. Our goal was to understand current social-ecological dynamics and assess risks and opportunities for sustainable development. Our findings show that historical events have strongly shaped current conditions and current development trends in Southern Transylvania. Moreover, although external drivers (including EU policies) set the general direction of regional development trajectories, local factors – including education, leadership and the presence of bridging organizations – can enhance or counteract their effects. Our holistic approach was useful for generating an in-depth understanding of a regional social-ecological system, and could be transferred to other parts of the world.",
keywords = "Sustainability Science, Ecosystem service bundles, Landscape sustainability science, Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society, Regional scale, Romania, Scenario planning, Ecosystems Research, Transdisciplinary studies",
author = "Jan Hanspach and Tibor Hartel and Milcu, {Andra Ioana} and Friederike Mikulcak and Ine Dorresteijn and Jacqueline Loos and {von Wehrden}, Henrik and Tobias Kuemmerle and David Abson and Anik{\'o} Kov{\'a}cs-Hosty{\'a}nszki and Andr{\'a}s B{\'a}ldi and J{\"o}rn Fischer",
year = "2014",
month = nov,
day = "18",
doi = "10.5751/ES-06915-190432",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "Ecology and Society",
issn = "1708-3087",
publisher = "The Resilience Alliance",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A holistic approach to studying social-ecological systems and its application to Southern Transylvania

AU - Hanspach, Jan

AU - Hartel, Tibor

AU - Milcu, Andra Ioana

AU - Mikulcak, Friederike

AU - Dorresteijn, Ine

AU - Loos, Jacqueline

AU - von Wehrden, Henrik

AU - Kuemmerle, Tobias

AU - Abson, David

AU - Kovács-Hostyánszki, Anikó

AU - Báldi, András

AU - Fischer, Jörn

PY - 2014/11/18

Y1 - 2014/11/18

N2 - Global change presents risks and opportunities for social-ecological systems worldwide. Key challenges for sustainability science are to identify plausible future changes in social-ecological systems, and find ways to reach socially and environmentally desirable conditions. In this context, regional-scale studies are important, but to date, many such studies have focused on a narrow set of issues or applied a narrow set of tools. Here, we present a holistic approach to work through the complexity posed by cross-scale interactions, spatial heterogeneity and multiple uncertainties facing regional social-ecological systems. Our approach is spatially explicit and involves assessments of (i) social conditions and natural capital bundles, (ii) social-ecological system dynamics, and (iii) current development trends. The resulting understanding are, in turn, used in combination with scenario planning to map how current development trends may be amplified or dampened in the future. We illustrate our approach via a detailed case study in Southern Transylvania, Romania – one of Europe’s most significant biocultural refugia. Our goal was to understand current social-ecological dynamics and assess risks and opportunities for sustainable development. Our findings show that historical events have strongly shaped current conditions and current development trends in Southern Transylvania. Moreover, although external drivers (including EU policies) set the general direction of regional development trajectories, local factors – including education, leadership and the presence of bridging organizations – can enhance or counteract their effects. Our holistic approach was useful for generating an in-depth understanding of a regional social-ecological system, and could be transferred to other parts of the world.

AB - Global change presents risks and opportunities for social-ecological systems worldwide. Key challenges for sustainability science are to identify plausible future changes in social-ecological systems, and find ways to reach socially and environmentally desirable conditions. In this context, regional-scale studies are important, but to date, many such studies have focused on a narrow set of issues or applied a narrow set of tools. Here, we present a holistic approach to work through the complexity posed by cross-scale interactions, spatial heterogeneity and multiple uncertainties facing regional social-ecological systems. Our approach is spatially explicit and involves assessments of (i) social conditions and natural capital bundles, (ii) social-ecological system dynamics, and (iii) current development trends. The resulting understanding are, in turn, used in combination with scenario planning to map how current development trends may be amplified or dampened in the future. We illustrate our approach via a detailed case study in Southern Transylvania, Romania – one of Europe’s most significant biocultural refugia. Our goal was to understand current social-ecological dynamics and assess risks and opportunities for sustainable development. Our findings show that historical events have strongly shaped current conditions and current development trends in Southern Transylvania. Moreover, although external drivers (including EU policies) set the general direction of regional development trajectories, local factors – including education, leadership and the presence of bridging organizations – can enhance or counteract their effects. Our holistic approach was useful for generating an in-depth understanding of a regional social-ecological system, and could be transferred to other parts of the world.

KW - Sustainability Science

KW - Ecosystem service bundles

KW - Landscape sustainability science

KW - Programme on Ecosystem Change and Society

KW - Regional scale

KW - Romania

KW - Scenario planning

KW - Ecosystems Research

KW - Transdisciplinary studies

U2 - 10.5751/ES-06915-190432

DO - 10.5751/ES-06915-190432

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 19

JO - Ecology and Society

JF - Ecology and Society

SN - 1708-3087

IS - 4

M1 - 32

ER -

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