Positioning member states in EU-NATO security cooperation: towards a typology

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With the growing density and the plethora of security organisations on the regional and international level, the research programme on interorganisational relations has received increasing scholarly attention. The complexity of European security – in light of the Ukraine conflict since 2014, Russia’s more assertive foreign policy behaviour, and on-going crisis management operations in the Africa, the Mediterranean Sea and Middle East – has revived EU-NATO cooperation. The analysis from the perspective of member states and how they can be positioned in the EU-NATO interorganisational relations, however, has received little exploration. This article, therefore, addresses the roles and positions of member states within the relations between the EU and NATO as Europe’s prime security organisations. Member states have numerous political strategies at their disposal to trigger, strengthen or obstruct interorganisational relations, ranging from forum-shopping to hostage-taking and brokering. Drawing on insights from regime theory, network analysis, organisation theory and interorganisationalism, this article proposes a typology of member states in EU-NATO cooperation. Against the backdrop of this special relationship, the typology is developed which aims to detect and illustrate member states’ positions and strategies.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Security
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)22-41
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by University of Kent. The author would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and express her gratitude to Trine Flockhart, Toni Haastrup, Stephanie C. Hofmann, Robert O. Keohane, Heidi Maurer and Richard G. Whitman for their insightful comments and thought-provoking impulses. Previous versions of this article were presented at the EISA Pan-European Conference on International Relations, Barcelona, September 2017 and the ISA Convention, San Francisco, April 2018.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

    Research areas

  • European security, member states, typology, EU-NATO cooperation, interorganisational relations, regime complexity
  • Politics