Investigation of the friction behavior between dry/infiltrated glass fiber fabric and metal sheet during deep drawing of fiber metal laminates

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During deep drawing processes of fiber metal laminates, such as the newly developed in-situ hybridization process, fibers and metal sheets come into contact while the dry fabric is infiltrated by a reactive matrix system. The viscosity of the matrix increases as polymerization starts during deep-drawing. In the in-situ hybridization process, a dry fiber metal laminate is deep drawn while a thermoplastic matrix system is injected into the glass fiber fabric layer in a resin transfer molding process. During forming of the fiber metal laminate, friction occurs in tangential direction to the metal sheet. The friction plays the main role in preventing the elongation of the sheets in the deep drawing process. Therefore, the measurement of friction coefficients between fibers and metal sheets is essential. In this paper, the friction between sheet metal and dry or infiltrated glass fiber fabric under high contact pressures of 1.67 MPa, as occurring in deep drawing processes, is characterized. A modified strip drawing test setup is used to analyze the coefficient of friction under a constant high contact pressure. Compression tests were performed to show that Coulomb friction can be assumed. Different types of glass fiber fabrics and liquids with defined viscosities are used. It was found that fluids with higher viscosity decrease the friction coefficients in the interface, which is physically explained. For the in-situ hybridization process, it is deduced that with low viscosities, a better infiltration is achieved, while higher viscosities reduce the friction coefficient for better formability.

Original languageEnglish
JournalProduction Engineering
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)37-46
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 02.2023

Bibliographical note

Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL. The authors would like to thank the German Research Foundation (DFG) for funding the projects BE 5196/4-1, BE 5196/4-2 and WE 4273/13-1, WE 4273/13-2.

Publisher Copyright: © 2022, The Author(s).

    Research areas

  • Fiber metal laminates, Friction coefficient, In-situ hybridization, Metal-fabric friction
  • Engineering