Bewältigungsmuster und Psychische Gesundheit: Eine Clusteranalytische Untersuchung zu Bewältigungsmustern im Lehrerberuf

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The purpose of the study was to clarify the relationship between patterns of habitual coping strategies and health. In accordance with the literature, we expected flexibility of coping styles to be associated with beneficial health-related outcomes. In a cross-sectional design a frequently applied stress coping questionnaire (SVF) with five subscales and an additional self-developed scale served to assess habitually applied coping strategies. Health-related outcome measures consisted of ICD-10 diagnoses and various self-rating instruments. A total of 145 teachers with relatively homogeneous but elevated levels of professional strain participated in the study. Data analysis relied on hierarchic (Ward) and iterative (k-means) cluster analyses as well as on ANOVAs. The analysis identified three coping clusters with high internal stability called flexible compensation, inconsistent compensation, and ruminative self-isolation. Inspection of the clusters revealed their association with health-related variables. Most beneficial values were found in the flexible compensation group regarding ICD-10 diagnoses, well-being, job satisfaction, depression, burnout and subjective prognosis of gainful employment, confirming our expectations. Inspection of coping patterns contributes to the identification of health-related outcomes. An analysis of coping patterns instead of single coping strategies may widen our perspective on the relationship between occupational stress and health.

Translated title of the contributionCoping patterns and mental health. : A cluster-analytic study on coping patterns in teachers
Original languageGerman
JournalZeitschrift fur Arbeits- und Organisationspsychologie
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)3-16
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Health sciences - coping patterns, cluster analysis, teacher, occupational stress, mental and behavioral disorders