28 months later: the coronavirus pandemic as an analogy for future sustainability challenges

Research output: Journal contributionsComments / Debate / ReportsResearch


We combine the concepts of ‘black elephants’ and wicked problems with Roy Bhaskar’s critical realist philosophy of science and frame the current state of the coronavirus pandemic as an analogy for impending sustainability challenges. We point out and illustrate that the interaction of different ontological levels of our world as it ‘is’ will likely remain a challenge in addressing the wicked problems of our time.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSustainability Science
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)2499-2504
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 09.2023

Bibliographical note

Special Feature: Just and Sustainable Transitions in Net-Zero Asia
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© 2023, The Author(s).