The Power to Resist: Mobilization and the Logic of Terrorist Attacks in Civil War

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Existing research has argued that terrorism is common in civil war because it is “effective.” Surprisingly, however, only some groups use terrorism during civil wars, while many refrain altogether. We also see considerable variation in the use of terrorism over time. This article presents a theory of terrorism as a mobilization strategy in civil war, taking into account benefits, costs, and temporal dynamics. We argue that the choice and the timing of terrorism arise from the interaction between conditions for effective mobilization and battlefield dynamics. Terrorism can mobilize support when it provokes indiscriminate government repression or when it radicalizes rebels’ constituency by antagonizing specific societal groups. The timing of attacks, however, is influenced by battlefield losses, which increase rebels’ need to rally civilian support. The analyses of new disaggregated data on rebels’ terrorist attacks during conflicts (1989–2009) and of Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) tactics in Iraq and Syria support our theoretical argument.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
ZeitschriftCOMPARATIVE POLITICAL STUDIES
Band53
Ausgabennummer13
Seiten (von - bis)2029-2060
Anzahl der Seiten32
ISSN0010-4140
DOIs
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.11.2020

DOI

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