Psychological, sociodemographic, and infrastructural factors as determinants of ecological impact caused by mobility behavior

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


In this study, the relevance of psychological variables as predictors of the ecological impact of mobility behavior was investigated in relation to infrastructural and sociodemographic variables. The database consisted of a survey of 1991 inhabitants of three large German cities. In standardized interviews attitudinal factors based on the theory of planned behavior, further mobility-related attitude dimensions, sociodemographic and infrastructural characteristics as well as mobility behavior were measured. Based on the behavior measurement the ecological impact of mobility behavior was individually assessed for all participants of the study. In a regression analysis with ecological impact as dependent variable, sociodemographic and psychological variables were the strongest predictors, whereas infrastructural variables were of minor relevance. This result puts findings of other environmental studies into question which indicate that psychological variables only influence intent-oriented behavior, whereas impact-oriented behavior is mainly determined by sociodemographic and household variables. The design of effective intervention programs to reduce the ecological impact of mobility behavior requires knowledge about the determinants of mobility-related ecological impact, which are primarily the use of private motorized modes and the traveled distances. Separate regression analyses for these two variables provided detailed information about starting points to reduce the ecological impact of mobility behavior. © 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ZeitschriftJournal of Environmental Psychology
Seiten (von - bis)277-292
Anzahl der Seiten16
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.12.2007

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
The results are based on research conducted by the junior research group MOBILANZ, which was supported by the German Federal Ministry of Education und Research (BMBF) in the framework of the program “Social-Ecological Research”.