Utilization of protein-rich residues in biotechnological processes

Research output: Journal contributionsScientific review articlesResearch


A drawback of biotechnological processes, where microorganisms convert biomass constituents, such as starch, cellulose, hemicelluloses, lipids, and proteins, into wanted products, is the economic feasibility. Particularly the cost of nitrogen sources in biotechnological processes can make up a large fraction of total process expenses. To further develop the bioeconomy, it is of considerable interest to substitute cost-intensive by inexpensive nitrogen sources. The aim of this mini-review was to provide a comprehensive insight of utilization methods of protein-rich residues, such as fish waste, green biomass, hairs, and food waste. The methods described include (i) production of enzymes, (ii) recovery of bioactive compounds, and/or (iii) usage as nitrogen source for microorganisms in biotechnological processes. In this aspect, the utilization of protein-rich residues, which are conventionally considered as waste, allows the development of value-adding processes for the production of bioactive compounds, biomolecules, chemicals, and materials.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)2133-2140
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 01.03.2016

    Research areas

  • Protein-rich residues, Protein hydrolysates, White biotechnology, Enzymes, Organic acids
  • Biology