The relation of secondary student’s career choice readiness to a six-phase model of career decision-making

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Based on common aspects of recent models of career decision making (CDM), a six-phase model of CDM for secondary students is presented and empirically evaluated. The study tests the hypothesis that students who are in later phases possess more career-choice readiness and consider different numbers of career alternatives. Two hundred sixty-six Swiss secondary students completed measures tapping phase of CDM, career-choice readiness, and number of considered career options. Career-choice readiness showed an increase with phase of CDM. Later phases were associated with a larger increase in career-choice readiness. Number of considered career options showed a curve-linear development with fewer options considered at the beginning and at the end of the process. Male students showed a larger variability in their distribution among the process with more male than female students in the first and last phases of the process. Implications for theory and practice are presented.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Career Development
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)164-191
Number of pages28
Publication statusPublished - 01.12.2007