Resolving Incompleteness on Social Media: Online Self-Symbolizing Reduces the Orienting Effects of Incomplete Identity Goals

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Resolving Incompleteness on Social Media : Online Self-Symbolizing Reduces the Orienting Effects of Incomplete Identity Goals. / Sciara, Simona; Regalia, Camillo; Gollwitzer, Peter M.

In: Motivation Science, Vol. 8, No. 3, 09.2022, p. 268-275.

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

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@article{94a4d4f745ba46ac9b388cf51692bff8,
title = "Resolving Incompleteness on Social Media: Online Self-Symbolizing Reduces the Orienting Effects of Incomplete Identity Goals",
abstract = "Based on self-completion theory (SCT), the present experiment broadens previous research on the effects of incompleteness on social media posting by testing 2 complementary hypotheses. First, identity goal incompleteness— as a goal-oriented state—should induce orienting effects, including impulsiveness in online posting, uninterest in others{\textquoteright} posted contents, feelings of irritation, and narrowing of attention. Second, all these orienting effects should be resolved through the publishing of a self-symbolizing post on Instagram which entails indicators of goal attainment. In a 2-factorial experiment (N = 264), we varied the sense of identity goal incompleteness versus completeness in a sample of committed medical students and then provided an opportunity to restore completeness or not through a self-symbolizing versus neutral Instagram post. Finally, we assessed participants{\textquoteright} levels of impulsiveness, uninterest in others, feelings of irritation, and narrowed attention in solving a visual game. Results confirmed that identity goal incompleteness—as any goaloriented state—causes specific orienting effects intended to facilitate goal achievement. Further, we demonstrated that posting self-symbolizing content on social media manages to restore completeness making these orienting effects disappear. Theoretical and practical implications of our results for a better understanding of social media behaviors and deepening the study of self-completion processes are discussed.",
keywords = "social media, motivation, identity goals, self-completion, self-symbolizing, Psychology",
author = "Simona Sciara and Camillo Regalia and Gollwitzer, {Peter M.}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 American Psychological Association",
year = "2022",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1037/mot0000267",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "268--275",
journal = "Motivation Science",
issn = "2333-8113",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Resolving Incompleteness on Social Media

T2 - Online Self-Symbolizing Reduces the Orienting Effects of Incomplete Identity Goals

AU - Sciara, Simona

AU - Regalia, Camillo

AU - Gollwitzer, Peter M.

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022 American Psychological Association

PY - 2022/9

Y1 - 2022/9

N2 - Based on self-completion theory (SCT), the present experiment broadens previous research on the effects of incompleteness on social media posting by testing 2 complementary hypotheses. First, identity goal incompleteness— as a goal-oriented state—should induce orienting effects, including impulsiveness in online posting, uninterest in others’ posted contents, feelings of irritation, and narrowing of attention. Second, all these orienting effects should be resolved through the publishing of a self-symbolizing post on Instagram which entails indicators of goal attainment. In a 2-factorial experiment (N = 264), we varied the sense of identity goal incompleteness versus completeness in a sample of committed medical students and then provided an opportunity to restore completeness or not through a self-symbolizing versus neutral Instagram post. Finally, we assessed participants’ levels of impulsiveness, uninterest in others, feelings of irritation, and narrowed attention in solving a visual game. Results confirmed that identity goal incompleteness—as any goaloriented state—causes specific orienting effects intended to facilitate goal achievement. Further, we demonstrated that posting self-symbolizing content on social media manages to restore completeness making these orienting effects disappear. Theoretical and practical implications of our results for a better understanding of social media behaviors and deepening the study of self-completion processes are discussed.

AB - Based on self-completion theory (SCT), the present experiment broadens previous research on the effects of incompleteness on social media posting by testing 2 complementary hypotheses. First, identity goal incompleteness— as a goal-oriented state—should induce orienting effects, including impulsiveness in online posting, uninterest in others’ posted contents, feelings of irritation, and narrowing of attention. Second, all these orienting effects should be resolved through the publishing of a self-symbolizing post on Instagram which entails indicators of goal attainment. In a 2-factorial experiment (N = 264), we varied the sense of identity goal incompleteness versus completeness in a sample of committed medical students and then provided an opportunity to restore completeness or not through a self-symbolizing versus neutral Instagram post. Finally, we assessed participants’ levels of impulsiveness, uninterest in others, feelings of irritation, and narrowed attention in solving a visual game. Results confirmed that identity goal incompleteness—as any goaloriented state—causes specific orienting effects intended to facilitate goal achievement. Further, we demonstrated that posting self-symbolizing content on social media manages to restore completeness making these orienting effects disappear. Theoretical and practical implications of our results for a better understanding of social media behaviors and deepening the study of self-completion processes are discussed.

KW - social media

KW - motivation

KW - identity goals

KW - self-completion

KW - self-symbolizing

KW - Psychology

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85130602246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/90f5762f-3f34-38c2-9fe8-a6fdaed899e4/

U2 - 10.1037/mot0000267

DO - 10.1037/mot0000267

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 8

SP - 268

EP - 275

JO - Motivation Science

JF - Motivation Science

SN - 2333-8113

IS - 3

ER -

DOI