Oxidation Kinetics of Neat Methyl Oleate and as a Blend with Solketal

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  • Julian Türck
  • Fabian Schmitt
  • Lukas Anthofer
  • Anne Lichtinger
  • Ralf Türck
  • Wolfgang Ruck
  • Jürgen Krahl

The complexity of biodiesel aging has shown that the mechanism needs further research. The rate of aging product formation and associated interactions can help improve fuel quality. Since biodiesel is a multicomponent system and constant changes occur in the chemical environment, which interactions yield which products must be shown in more detail. Particularly under observation was the correlation between peroxides and epoxides. In addition, it is critical that the influence and interactions of new drop-in fuel candidates be investigated. In this work, the kinetics of the formation of aging products of methyl oleate (C18:1) are studied. The aim was to reduce the complexity in order to be able to make more precise and detailed statements about the mechanism. Ketones, acids, peroxide, and epoxide values were recorded. A distinction is made between pure methyl oleate and mixtures with 3 wt% isopropylidene glycerine (solketal). After solketal decomposed in the blends, the aging process showed changes. The influence of solketal resulted in a higher number of acids and epoxides over time. It implied that peroxides are not necessarily the precursor of epoxides. In summary, correlation and solketal’s influence showed that a sequence of aging products could be detected.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3253
Issue number7
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 05.04.2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

    Research areas

  • alcohol influence, biodiesel aging, methyl oleate, oxidation kinetics, sequence of aging products, solketal
  • Chemistry
  • Energy research