Klassische und moderne Theorien der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit: Teil 2: Evolutionistische Ethik, Utilitarismus und soziologischer Naturalismus

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Part II deals with the normative theories of Herbert Spencer and Emile Durkheim. First the theory of distributive justice that can be found in Spencer's system of "rational utilitarianism", the main principles of Spencer's political philosophy and his double conception of ethical argumentation (hedonistic utilitarianism and evolutionary ethics) are outlined. Durkheim was one of the most severe critics of Spencer and the English tradition of ethical individualism. His arguments against utilitarianism are summed up and his views of what he saw as a "normal" condition of equality and justice are presented in a critical discussion.
Translated title of the contributionClassical and modern conceptions of distributive justice. Part II: Evolutionary ethics, utilitarianism, and sociological naturalism
Original languageGerman
JournalAngewandte Sozialforschung
Issue number3/4
Pages (from-to)325-353
Number of pages29
Publication statusPublished - 1981
Externally publishedYes