Driving factors for the regional implementation of renewable energy: - a multiple case study on the German energy transition

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Understanding what drives the regional implementation of renewable energy is a prerequisite for energy transitions toward a post-fossil-based energy economy. This paper presents an empirical analysis of driving factors for the regional implementation and use of renewable energy. We tested literature-derived driving factors in a comparative analysis of 18 selected study regions using Rough Set Analysis and performance analysis. We paid special attention to common combinations of driving factors, which we understand as established practices concerning the use and implementation of renewable energy. Our findings confirm most of the driving factors identified in the literature, for example the existence of key actors, knowledge exchange, or the use of goals and milestones. We also observe differences in key driving factors between highly successful and less successful regions, especially regarding funding opportunities. The results may support policy makers who aim to successfully implement renewable energy at a regional level.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Policy
Pages (from-to)136-147
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 01.06.2017

    Research areas

  • Sustainability Science - Barriers, Energiewende, Networks, Regional energy initiatives, Socio-technical transitions, Sustainability transformation