Do members of disadvantaged groups explain group status with group stereotypes?

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Do members of disadvantaged groups explain group status with group stereotypes? / Degner, Juliane; Floether, Joelle Cathrin; Essien, Iniobong.

In: Frontiers in Psychology, Vol. 12, 750606, 18.11.2021.

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review

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Degner J, Floether JC, Essien I. Do members of disadvantaged groups explain group status with group stereotypes? Frontiers in Psychology. 2021 Nov 18;12:750606. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.750606

Bibtex

@article{84b3221a085449bb9fb3ba8db73a676a,
title = "Do members of disadvantaged groups explain group status with group stereotypes?",
abstract = "Recent research on group attitudes in members of disadvantaged groups has provided evidence that group evaluations closely align with societal stigma, reflecting outgroup favoritism in members of those groups that are most strongly stigmatized. While outgroup favoritism is clearly evident among some groups, there is still debate about the psychological mechanisms underlying outgroup favoritism. The current research focuses on a less intensively examined aspect of outgroup favoritism, namely the use of status-legitimizing group stereotypes. We present data from members of four disadvantaged groups (i.e., persons who self-categorize as gay or lesbian, n = 205; Black or African American, n = 209; overweight n = 200, or are aged 60–75 years n = 205), who reported the perceived status of their ingroup and a comparison majority outgroup and provided explanations for their status perceptions. Contrary to assumptions from System Justification Theory, participants rarely explained perceived group status differences with group stereotypes, whereas they frequently explained ingroup disadvantage with perceived stigmatization and/or systemic reasons. Further exploratory analyses indicated that participants{\textquoteright} status explanations were related to measures of intergroup attitudes, ideological beliefs, stigma consciousness, and experienced discrimination. Our results highlight the need to develop a better understanding whether, under what circumstances, and with which consequences members of disadvantaged groups use group stereotypes as attributions of ingroup status and status differences.",
keywords = "disadvantaged groups, intergroup attitudes, rejection identification model, status perceptions, system justification theory, Social Work and Social Pedagogics",
author = "Juliane Degner and Floether, {Joelle Cathrin} and Iniobong Essien",
year = "2021",
month = nov,
day = "18",
doi = "10.3389/fpsyg.2021.750606",
language = "English",
volume = "12",
journal = "Frontiers in Psychology",
issn = "1664-1078",
publisher = "Frontiers Research Foundation",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do members of disadvantaged groups explain group status with group stereotypes?

AU - Degner, Juliane

AU - Floether, Joelle Cathrin

AU - Essien, Iniobong

PY - 2021/11/18

Y1 - 2021/11/18

N2 - Recent research on group attitudes in members of disadvantaged groups has provided evidence that group evaluations closely align with societal stigma, reflecting outgroup favoritism in members of those groups that are most strongly stigmatized. While outgroup favoritism is clearly evident among some groups, there is still debate about the psychological mechanisms underlying outgroup favoritism. The current research focuses on a less intensively examined aspect of outgroup favoritism, namely the use of status-legitimizing group stereotypes. We present data from members of four disadvantaged groups (i.e., persons who self-categorize as gay or lesbian, n = 205; Black or African American, n = 209; overweight n = 200, or are aged 60–75 years n = 205), who reported the perceived status of their ingroup and a comparison majority outgroup and provided explanations for their status perceptions. Contrary to assumptions from System Justification Theory, participants rarely explained perceived group status differences with group stereotypes, whereas they frequently explained ingroup disadvantage with perceived stigmatization and/or systemic reasons. Further exploratory analyses indicated that participants’ status explanations were related to measures of intergroup attitudes, ideological beliefs, stigma consciousness, and experienced discrimination. Our results highlight the need to develop a better understanding whether, under what circumstances, and with which consequences members of disadvantaged groups use group stereotypes as attributions of ingroup status and status differences.

AB - Recent research on group attitudes in members of disadvantaged groups has provided evidence that group evaluations closely align with societal stigma, reflecting outgroup favoritism in members of those groups that are most strongly stigmatized. While outgroup favoritism is clearly evident among some groups, there is still debate about the psychological mechanisms underlying outgroup favoritism. The current research focuses on a less intensively examined aspect of outgroup favoritism, namely the use of status-legitimizing group stereotypes. We present data from members of four disadvantaged groups (i.e., persons who self-categorize as gay or lesbian, n = 205; Black or African American, n = 209; overweight n = 200, or are aged 60–75 years n = 205), who reported the perceived status of their ingroup and a comparison majority outgroup and provided explanations for their status perceptions. Contrary to assumptions from System Justification Theory, participants rarely explained perceived group status differences with group stereotypes, whereas they frequently explained ingroup disadvantage with perceived stigmatization and/or systemic reasons. Further exploratory analyses indicated that participants’ status explanations were related to measures of intergroup attitudes, ideological beliefs, stigma consciousness, and experienced discrimination. Our results highlight the need to develop a better understanding whether, under what circumstances, and with which consequences members of disadvantaged groups use group stereotypes as attributions of ingroup status and status differences.

KW - disadvantaged groups

KW - intergroup attitudes

KW - rejection identification model

KW - status perceptions

KW - system justification theory

KW - Social Work and Social Pedagogics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85120447109&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.750606

DO - 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.750606

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 34867638

AN - SCOPUS:85120447109

VL - 12

JO - Frontiers in Psychology

JF - Frontiers in Psychology

SN - 1664-1078

M1 - 750606

ER -

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