Digital health literacy and well-being among university students: Mediating roles of fear of COVID-19, information satisfaction, and internet information search

Research output: Journal contributionsJournal articlesResearchpeer-review


  • Sheng-Chih Chen
  • Nhi Thi Hong Nguyen
  • Cheng-Yu Lin
  • Le Duc Huy
  • Chih-Feng Lai
  • Loan T. Dang
  • Nguyen L. T. Truong
  • Nhi Y. Hoang
  • Thao T. P. Nguyen
  • Tan N. Phaṇ
  • Kevin Dadaczynski
  • Orkan Okan
  • Tuyen Van Duong
Digital health literacy (DHL) enables healthy decisions, improves protective behaviors and adherence to COVID-19 measures, especially during the era of the “infodemic”, and enhances psychological well-being.
We aimed to explore the mediating roles of fear of COVID-19, information satisfaction, and the importance of online information searching on the association between DHL and well-being.
A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted among 1631 Taiwanese university students, aged 18 years and above, from June 2021 to March 2022. The collected data include sociodemographic characteristics (sex, age, social status, and financial satisfaction), the importance of online information searching, information satisfaction, fear of COVID-19, DHL, and well-being. A linear regression model was utilized to investigate factors associated with well-being, followed by a pathway analysis to assess the direct and indirect relationship between DHL and well-being.
The scores of DHL and overall well-being were 3.1 ± 0.4 and 74.4 ± 19.7, respectively. Social status (B = 2.40, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.73–3.07, p Conclusion
Higher DHL scores show direct and indirect associations with higher well-being scores. Fear, importance of online information searching, and information satisfaction significantly contributed to the association.
Original languageEnglish
JournalDigital Health
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 06.2023

Bibliographical note

The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by the National Science and Technology Council, Taiwan (grant number MOST 111-2410-H-004-146-MY2).

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

    Research areas

  • Health sciences - COVID-1, Taiwanese studen, , digital health literacy, well-being, mediator, pathway analysis