Covid-19 lockdown and the behavior change on physical exercise, pain and psychological well-being: An international multicentric study

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  • Anelise Sonza
  • Danúbia da Cunha de Sá-Caputo
  • Alessandro Sartorio
  • Sofia Tamini
  • Adérito Seixas
  • Borja Sanudo
  • Jessica Süßenbach
  • Marcello Montillo Provenza
  • Vinicius Layter Xavier
  • Redha Taiar
  • Mario Bernardo-Filho

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and the following lockdown on physical exercise (PEx) practice, pain, and psychological well-being.

METHODS: A cross-sectional multicentric study was performed using a nonrandom convenience sampling from the general population (≥18 years-old) of 6 countries (Brazil, Italy, France, Portugal, Germany, and Spain) adopting social isolation (SI). The validated self-administered online survey (PEF-COVID19) was used. The tests T-test and Chi-square with Bonferroni correction were used for statistical analysis and a multivariate logistic regression model ( p ˂ 0.05).

RESULTS: We included 3194 replies and ~80% of the respondents were in SI. Brazilian sample was highly influenced by the pandemic considering PEx practice and habits, pain, anxiety, and stress ( p ˂ 0.05). Among the European countries, Italy presented the major changes. The model to predict the non-practice of PEx during SI showed that the variables countries, smoking, SI, and PEx level were significant predictors ( p ˂ 0.001).

CONCLUSION: The pandemic changed the PEx practice and habits, and the psychological well-being of populations in different manners. Countries, smoking, SI, and PEx level were predictors for the non-practice of PEx. Public health strategies are suggested to avoid sedentary lifestyles and quality of life decrease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3810
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number7
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - 06.04.2021

    Research areas

  • Anxiety, Pain, Physical exercise, SARS-CoV-2, Social isolation, Stress, Survey, Pandemics, Cross-Sectional Studies, Europe, Humans, Communicable Disease Control, Portugal, Pain/epidemiology, Spain, COVID-19, Exercise, Italy/epidemiology, Adolescent, Brazil/epidemiology, Quality of Life, France, Germany
  • Physical education and sports