Calculation of Physicochemical Properties for Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins

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Calculation of Physicochemical Properties for Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins. / Glüge, Juliane; Bogdal, Christian; Scheringer, Martin et al.

In: Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 42, No. 2, 023103 , 06.2013.

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@article{4f858322404d48b88c794bdac3f1f72e,
title = "Calculation of Physicochemical Properties for Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins",
abstract = "Short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins are potential PBT chemicals (persistent, bioaccumulative, toxic) and short-chain chlorinated paraffins are under review for inclusion in the UNEP Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. Despite their high production volume of more than one million metric tonnes per year, only few data on their physicochemical properties are available. We calculated subcooled-liquid vapor pressure, subcooled-liquid solubility in water and octanol, Henry's law constant for water and octanol, as well as the octanol-water partition coefficient with the property calculation methods COSMOtherm, SPARC, and EPI Suite{\texttrademark}, and compared the results to experimental data from the literature. For all properties, good or very good agreement between calculated and measured data was obtained for COSMOtherm; results from SPARC were in good agreement with the measured data except for subcooled-liquid water solubility, whereas EPI Suite{\texttrademark} showed the largest discrepancies for all properties. After critical evaluation of the three property calculation methods, a final set of recommended property data for short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins was derived. The calculated property data show interesting relationships with chlorine content and carbon chain length. Increasing chlorine content does not cause pronounced changes in water solubility and octanol-water partition coefficient (KOW) as long as it is below 55%. Increasing carbon chain length leads to strong increases in KOW and corresponding decreases in subcooled-liquid water solubility. The present data set can be used in further studies to assess the environmental fate and human exposure of this relevant compound class.",
keywords = "Chemistry, Solubility, Carbon, Vapor pressure, Molecule Surface interactions, Double layers",
author = "Juliane Gl{\"u}ge and Christian Bogdal and Martin Scheringer and Buser, {Andreas M} and Konrad Hungerb{\"u}hler",
year = "2013",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1063/1.4802693",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
journal = "Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data",
issn = "0047-2689",
publisher = "American Institute of Physics Inc.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Calculation of Physicochemical Properties for Short- and Medium-Chain Chlorinated Paraffins

AU - Glüge, Juliane

AU - Bogdal, Christian

AU - Scheringer, Martin

AU - Buser, Andreas M

AU - Hungerbühler, Konrad

PY - 2013/6

Y1 - 2013/6

N2 - Short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins are potential PBT chemicals (persistent, bioaccumulative, toxic) and short-chain chlorinated paraffins are under review for inclusion in the UNEP Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. Despite their high production volume of more than one million metric tonnes per year, only few data on their physicochemical properties are available. We calculated subcooled-liquid vapor pressure, subcooled-liquid solubility in water and octanol, Henry's law constant for water and octanol, as well as the octanol-water partition coefficient with the property calculation methods COSMOtherm, SPARC, and EPI Suite™, and compared the results to experimental data from the literature. For all properties, good or very good agreement between calculated and measured data was obtained for COSMOtherm; results from SPARC were in good agreement with the measured data except for subcooled-liquid water solubility, whereas EPI Suite™ showed the largest discrepancies for all properties. After critical evaluation of the three property calculation methods, a final set of recommended property data for short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins was derived. The calculated property data show interesting relationships with chlorine content and carbon chain length. Increasing chlorine content does not cause pronounced changes in water solubility and octanol-water partition coefficient (KOW) as long as it is below 55%. Increasing carbon chain length leads to strong increases in KOW and corresponding decreases in subcooled-liquid water solubility. The present data set can be used in further studies to assess the environmental fate and human exposure of this relevant compound class.

AB - Short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins are potential PBT chemicals (persistent, bioaccumulative, toxic) and short-chain chlorinated paraffins are under review for inclusion in the UNEP Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants. Despite their high production volume of more than one million metric tonnes per year, only few data on their physicochemical properties are available. We calculated subcooled-liquid vapor pressure, subcooled-liquid solubility in water and octanol, Henry's law constant for water and octanol, as well as the octanol-water partition coefficient with the property calculation methods COSMOtherm, SPARC, and EPI Suite™, and compared the results to experimental data from the literature. For all properties, good or very good agreement between calculated and measured data was obtained for COSMOtherm; results from SPARC were in good agreement with the measured data except for subcooled-liquid water solubility, whereas EPI Suite™ showed the largest discrepancies for all properties. After critical evaluation of the three property calculation methods, a final set of recommended property data for short- and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins was derived. The calculated property data show interesting relationships with chlorine content and carbon chain length. Increasing chlorine content does not cause pronounced changes in water solubility and octanol-water partition coefficient (KOW) as long as it is below 55%. Increasing carbon chain length leads to strong increases in KOW and corresponding decreases in subcooled-liquid water solubility. The present data set can be used in further studies to assess the environmental fate and human exposure of this relevant compound class.

KW - Chemistry

KW - Solubility

KW - Carbon

KW - Vapor pressure

KW - Molecule Surface interactions

KW - Double layers

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880113442&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4802693

DO - 10.1063/1.4802693

M3 - Journal articles

VL - 42

JO - Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data

JF - Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data

SN - 0047-2689

IS - 2

M1 - 023103

ER -

DOI