Blue-green light is required for a maximized fatty acid unsaturation and pigment concentration in the microalga Acutodesmus obliquus

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Blue-green light is required for a maximized fatty acid unsaturation and pigment concentration in the microalga Acutodesmus obliquus. / Helamieh, Mark; Reich, Marco; Bory, Sophie et al.

In: Lipids, Vol. 57, No. 4-5, 01.07.2022, p. 221-232.

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@article{aa03dfafdfc0487592495995f9e05747,
title = "Blue-green light is required for a maximized fatty acid unsaturation and pigment concentration in the microalga Acutodesmus obliquus",
abstract = "Blue-green light is known to maximize the degree of fatty acid (FA) unsaturation in microalgae. However, knowledge on the particular waveband responsible for this stimulation of FA desaturation and its impact on the pigment composition in microalgae remains limited. In this study, Acutodesmus obliquus was cultivated for 96 h at 15°C with different light spectra (380–700 nm, 470–700 nm, 520–700 nm, 600–700 nm, and dark controls). Growth was monitored daily, and qualitative characterization of the microalgal FA composition was achieved via gas chromatography coupled with electron impact ionization mass spectrometry (GC-EI/MS). Additionally, a quantitative analysis of microalgal pigments was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). Spectra that included wavelengths between 470 and 520 nm led to a significantly higher percentage of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) 18:3 and 16:4, compared to all other light conditions. However, no significant differences between the red light cultivations and the heterotrophic dark controls were observed for the FA 18:3 and 16:4. These results indicate, that exclusively the blue-green light waveband between 470 and 520 nm is responsible for a maximized FA unsaturation in A. obliquus. Furthermore, the growth and production of pigments were impaired if blue-green light (380–520 nm) was absent in the light spectrum. This knowledge can contribute to achieving a suitable microalgal pigment and FA composition for industrial purposes and must be considered in spectrally selective microalgae cultivation systems.",
keywords = "blue-green light, fatty acid, lutein, microalgae, photosynthetic pigment, Chemistry",
author = "Mark Helamieh and Marco Reich and Sophie Bory and Philipp Rohne and Ulf Riebesell and Martin Kerner and Klaus K{\"u}mmerer",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2022 The Authors. Lipids published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of AOCS.",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/lipd.12343",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "221--232",
journal = "Lipids",
issn = "0024-4201",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "4-5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Blue-green light is required for a maximized fatty acid unsaturation and pigment concentration in the microalga Acutodesmus obliquus

AU - Helamieh, Mark

AU - Reich, Marco

AU - Bory, Sophie

AU - Rohne, Philipp

AU - Riebesell, Ulf

AU - Kerner, Martin

AU - Kümmerer, Klaus

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2022 The Authors. Lipids published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of AOCS.

PY - 2022/7/1

Y1 - 2022/7/1

N2 - Blue-green light is known to maximize the degree of fatty acid (FA) unsaturation in microalgae. However, knowledge on the particular waveband responsible for this stimulation of FA desaturation and its impact on the pigment composition in microalgae remains limited. In this study, Acutodesmus obliquus was cultivated for 96 h at 15°C with different light spectra (380–700 nm, 470–700 nm, 520–700 nm, 600–700 nm, and dark controls). Growth was monitored daily, and qualitative characterization of the microalgal FA composition was achieved via gas chromatography coupled with electron impact ionization mass spectrometry (GC-EI/MS). Additionally, a quantitative analysis of microalgal pigments was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). Spectra that included wavelengths between 470 and 520 nm led to a significantly higher percentage of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) 18:3 and 16:4, compared to all other light conditions. However, no significant differences between the red light cultivations and the heterotrophic dark controls were observed for the FA 18:3 and 16:4. These results indicate, that exclusively the blue-green light waveband between 470 and 520 nm is responsible for a maximized FA unsaturation in A. obliquus. Furthermore, the growth and production of pigments were impaired if blue-green light (380–520 nm) was absent in the light spectrum. This knowledge can contribute to achieving a suitable microalgal pigment and FA composition for industrial purposes and must be considered in spectrally selective microalgae cultivation systems.

AB - Blue-green light is known to maximize the degree of fatty acid (FA) unsaturation in microalgae. However, knowledge on the particular waveband responsible for this stimulation of FA desaturation and its impact on the pigment composition in microalgae remains limited. In this study, Acutodesmus obliquus was cultivated for 96 h at 15°C with different light spectra (380–700 nm, 470–700 nm, 520–700 nm, 600–700 nm, and dark controls). Growth was monitored daily, and qualitative characterization of the microalgal FA composition was achieved via gas chromatography coupled with electron impact ionization mass spectrometry (GC-EI/MS). Additionally, a quantitative analysis of microalgal pigments was performed using high-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD). Spectra that included wavelengths between 470 and 520 nm led to a significantly higher percentage of the polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) 18:3 and 16:4, compared to all other light conditions. However, no significant differences between the red light cultivations and the heterotrophic dark controls were observed for the FA 18:3 and 16:4. These results indicate, that exclusively the blue-green light waveband between 470 and 520 nm is responsible for a maximized FA unsaturation in A. obliquus. Furthermore, the growth and production of pigments were impaired if blue-green light (380–520 nm) was absent in the light spectrum. This knowledge can contribute to achieving a suitable microalgal pigment and FA composition for industrial purposes and must be considered in spectrally selective microalgae cultivation systems.

KW - blue-green light

KW - fatty acid

KW - lutein

KW - microalgae

KW - photosynthetic pigment

KW - Chemistry

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85128785353&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - https://www.mendeley.com/catalogue/16e9e449-2e34-32eb-89ec-5cf73d5539dd/

U2 - 10.1002/lipd.12343

DO - 10.1002/lipd.12343

M3 - Journal articles

C2 - 35460080

AN - SCOPUS:85128785353

VL - 57

SP - 221

EP - 232

JO - Lipids

JF - Lipids

SN - 0024-4201

IS - 4-5

ER -

DOI