Well self-regulated people use mental contrasting

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


Mentally contrasting a desired future with reality is a self-regulation strategy helping people manage their life by promoting selective goal pursuit: people pursue feasible futures and disengage from unfeasible ones. We investigated whether participants who effectively regulate their academic and everyday life spontaneously use mental contrasting. Indeed, students who were good self-regulators in the academic domain, as indicated by their high self-reported academic self-regulation skills, high need for achievement, and above-average grades mentally contrasted when writing about an important achievement-related wish (Study 1). So did participants who were good self-regulators in everyday life as indicated by their high self-reported generalized self-regulation skills and high need for cognition (Study 2). Results indicate that successful self-regulation is linked to spontaneous mental contrasting.
ZeitschriftZeitschrift fur Sozialpsychologie
Seiten (von - bis)348-364
Anzahl der Seiten17
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 01.11.2017
Extern publiziertJa

Bibliographische Notiz

Funding Information:
Preparation of this article was supported by German Science Foundation Grant OE 237/12-1 awarded to Gabriele Oettingen and Timur Sevincer. We thank the Motivation Lab at NYU for helpful comments on an earlier version of this article. The help of Daniel Gumz and Björn Schlier with coding the data is gratefully acknowledged.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Hogrefe Publishing.