The relationship between values and knowledge in visioning for landscape management: relevance for a collaborative approach

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet


Respecting connections between the diversity of values and forms of knowledge is essential to support a decision-making that fosters relationships between ecosystems and people. However, little theory has been developed for clarifying interactions between values and knowledge, and their relevance for environmental policy. We surfaced the overlooked relationship between values and knowledge by studying individual cognitive and emotional processes during a guided visioning exercise in the context of the multifunctional landscapes of Östergötland, Sweden. We investigated these cognitive processes using 30 semi-structured interviews and questionnaires organized around three types of relationships: vision ⇔ values, vision ⇔ knowledge, and especially values ⇔ knowledge. The analysis of the relationship between vision and values reveals that all types of values including core human values, relational, and intrinsic values are important in shaping the decision-making context in which landscape management visions arise. The relationship between vision and knowledge uncovers the mix of experiential and theoretical knowledge that informs the decision-making context. Interviews unfold three modalities in terms of how values and knowledge relate: i) linked and not necessarily connected (e.g. when individuals perceive a high conflict between their knowledge and their values leading to one construct silencing the other); ii) mutually reinforcing (e.g. when values and knowledge are seen as feeding into one another); and iii) intertwined (e.g. when individuals perceive that values and knowledge can co-exist). We discuss our findings in the context of their relevance for a collaborative decision-making process for balancing consensus and dissensus in multifunctional landscapes.

ZeitschriftEcosystems and People
Seiten (von - bis)498-513
Anzahl der Seiten16
PublikationsstatusErschienen - 2022

Bibliographische Notiz

This research received HELSUS funding (2019). AIHM acknowledges funding through the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska‐Curie grant agreement number 840207. SZ, AF, MDLR, MACP were funded through the ENVISION project, funded through the 2017-2018 Belmont Forum and BiodivERsA joint call for research proposals, under the BiodivScen ERA-Net COFUND programme, and with the support of the following national funders: Swedish Research Council for Sustainable Development (FORMAS), German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) (Grant Number: 01LC18064), Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO), National Science Foundation, United States (NSF), National Park Service, United States (NPS) and the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain. CMR's time was supported by both the ENVISION (grant number 2018-02429) and VIVA-PLAN (grant number 2018-00175) projects supported by FORMAS (Sweden). The authors would like to thank the 30 interviewees who engaged with these self-reflexive questions for their patience and hospitality. We are also thankful to two anonymous reviewers for comments that improved the manuscript. We thank Aron Larsson for invaluable assistance in the field and Monica Ungureanu. Slavena Peneva (Pensoft) provided graphical assistance on Figure 2.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.