Non-invariance? An Overstated Problem With Misconceived Causes

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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Non-invariance? An Overstated Problem With Misconceived Causes. / Welzel, Christian; Brunkert, Lennart; Kruse, Stefan; Inglehart, Ronald F.

in: Sociological Methods and Research, 24.03.2021.

Publikation: Beiträge in ZeitschriftenZeitschriftenaufsätzeForschungbegutachtet

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@article{5e180ea05bc84f3582b3d22e3d39de48,
title = "Non-invariance? An Overstated Problem With Misconceived Causes",
abstract = "Scholars study representative international surveys to understand cross-cultural differences in mentality patterns, which are measured via complex multi-item constructs. Methodologists in this field insist with increasing vigor that detecting “non-invariance” in how a construct{\textquoteright}s items associate with each other in different national samples is an infallible sign of encultured in-equivalences in how respondents understand the items. Questioning this claim, we demonstrate that a main source of non-invariance is the arithmetic of closed-ended scales in the presence of sample mean disparity. Since arithmetic principles are culture-unspecific, the non-invariance that these principles enforce in statistical terms is inconclusive of encultured in-equivalences in semantic terms. Because of this inconclusiveness, our evidence reveals furthermore that non-invariance is inconsequential for the cross-cultural functioning of multi-item constructs as concerns their nomological linkages to other variables of interest. We discuss the implications of these insights for measurement validation in cross-cultural settings with large sample mean disparity.",
keywords = "compositional substitutability, emancipative values, item response, measurement equivalence, multigroup confirmatory factor analysis, Politics",
author = "Christian Welzel and Lennart Brunkert and Stefan Kruse and Inglehart, {Ronald F.}",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
day = "24",
doi = "10.1177/0049124121995521",
language = "English",
journal = "Sociological Methods and Research",
issn = "0049-1241",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Non-invariance? An Overstated Problem With Misconceived Causes

AU - Welzel, Christian

AU - Brunkert, Lennart

AU - Kruse, Stefan

AU - Inglehart, Ronald F.

PY - 2021/3/24

Y1 - 2021/3/24

N2 - Scholars study representative international surveys to understand cross-cultural differences in mentality patterns, which are measured via complex multi-item constructs. Methodologists in this field insist with increasing vigor that detecting “non-invariance” in how a construct’s items associate with each other in different national samples is an infallible sign of encultured in-equivalences in how respondents understand the items. Questioning this claim, we demonstrate that a main source of non-invariance is the arithmetic of closed-ended scales in the presence of sample mean disparity. Since arithmetic principles are culture-unspecific, the non-invariance that these principles enforce in statistical terms is inconclusive of encultured in-equivalences in semantic terms. Because of this inconclusiveness, our evidence reveals furthermore that non-invariance is inconsequential for the cross-cultural functioning of multi-item constructs as concerns their nomological linkages to other variables of interest. We discuss the implications of these insights for measurement validation in cross-cultural settings with large sample mean disparity.

AB - Scholars study representative international surveys to understand cross-cultural differences in mentality patterns, which are measured via complex multi-item constructs. Methodologists in this field insist with increasing vigor that detecting “non-invariance” in how a construct’s items associate with each other in different national samples is an infallible sign of encultured in-equivalences in how respondents understand the items. Questioning this claim, we demonstrate that a main source of non-invariance is the arithmetic of closed-ended scales in the presence of sample mean disparity. Since arithmetic principles are culture-unspecific, the non-invariance that these principles enforce in statistical terms is inconclusive of encultured in-equivalences in semantic terms. Because of this inconclusiveness, our evidence reveals furthermore that non-invariance is inconsequential for the cross-cultural functioning of multi-item constructs as concerns their nomological linkages to other variables of interest. We discuss the implications of these insights for measurement validation in cross-cultural settings with large sample mean disparity.

KW - compositional substitutability

KW - emancipative values

KW - item response

KW - measurement equivalence

KW - multigroup confirmatory factor analysis

KW - Politics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85102491514&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0049124121995521

DO - 10.1177/0049124121995521

M3 - Journal articles

AN - SCOPUS:85102491514

JO - Sociological Methods and Research

JF - Sociological Methods and Research

SN - 0049-1241

ER -

DOI